Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (33):
Deficiency in the amount or content of speech, a disturbance often seen in people with schizophrenia.
Inability to experience pleasure, associated with some mood and schizophrenic disorders.
Separation among basic functions of human personality (for example, cognition, emotion, and perception) seen by some as the defining characteristic of schizophrenia.
Apathy, or the inability to initiate or persist in important activities.
Brief Psychotic Disorder
Psychotic disturbance involving delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech or behavior but lasting less than 1 month; often occurs in reaction to a stressor.
Disorder of movement involving immobility or excited agitation.
Disturbance of motor behavior in which the person remains motionless, sometimes in an awkward posture, for extended periods.
Catatonic Type of Schizophrenia
Type of schizophrenia in which motor disturbances (rigidity, agitation, and odd mannerisms) predominate.
Psychotic symptom involving disorder of thought content and presence of strong beliefs that are misrepresentations of reality.
Psychotic disorder featuring a persistent belief contrary to reality (delusion) but no other symptoms of schizophrenia.
Latin term meaning ”premature loss of mind,” an early label for what is now called schizophrenia, emphasizing the disorder’s frequent appearance during adolescence. Called démence précoce in France.
Style of talking often seen in people with schizophrenia, involving incoherence and a lack of typical logic patterns.
Disorganized Type of Schizophrenia
Type of schizophrenia featuring disrupted speech and behavior, disjointed delusions and hallucinations, and silly or flat affect.
Double Bind Communication
According to an obsolete, unsupported theory, the practice of transmitting conflicting messages that was thought to cause schizophrenia.
Expressed Emotion (EE)
Hostility, criticism, and overinvolvement demonstrated by some families toward a family member with a psychological disorder. This can often contribute to the person’s relapse.
Apparently emotionless demeanor (including toneless speech and vacant gaze) when a reaction would be expected.
Psychotic symptoms of perceptual disturbance in which things are seen, heard, or otherwise sensed although they are not actually present.
Silly and immature emotionality, a characteristic of some types of schizophrenia.
Emotional displays that are improper for the situation.
Less outgoing symptoms, such as flat affect and poverty of speech, displayed by some people with schizophrenia.
People’s irrational beliefs that they are especially important (delusions of grandeur) or that other people are seeking to do them harm.
Paranoid Type of Schizophrenia
Type of schizophrenia in which symptoms primarily involve delusions and hallucinations; speech and motor and emotional behavior are relatively intact.
More overt symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, displayed by some people with schizophrenia.
Severe psychological disorder category characterized by hallucinations and loss of contact with reality.
Residual Type of Schizophrenia
Diagnostic category for people who have experienced at least one episode of schizophrenia and who no longer display its major symptoms but still show some bizarre thoughts or social withdrawal.
Psychotic disorder featuring symptoms of both schizophrenia and major mood disorder.
Devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristic disturbances in thinking (delusions), perception (hallucinations), speech, emotions, and behavior.
Psychotic disorder involving the symptoms of schizophrenia but lasting less than 6 months.
According to an obsolete, unsupported theory, a cold, dominating, and rejecting parent who was thought to cause schizophrenia in her offspring.
Schizotypical Personality Disorder
Cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of interpersonal deficits featuring acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships, as well as cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior.
Shared Psychotic Disorder (folie à deux)
Psychotic disturbance in which individuals develop a delusion similar to that of a person with whom they share a close relationship.
Social learning behavior modification system in which individuals earn items they can exchange for desired rewards by displaying appropriate behaviors.