Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (33):
1

Alogia

Deficiency in the amount or content of speech, a disturbance often seen in people with schizophrenia.

2

anhedonia

Inability to experience pleasure, associated with some mood and schizophrenic disorders.

3

Associative Splitting

Separation among basic functions of human personality (for example, cognition, emotion, and perception) seen by some as the defining characteristic of schizophrenia.

4

Avolition

Apathy, or the inability to initiate or persist in important activities.

5

Brief Psychotic Disorder

Psychotic disturbance involving delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech or behavior but lasting less than 1 month; often occurs in reaction to a stressor.

6

Catatonia

Disorder of movement involving immobility or excited agitation.

7

Catatonic Immobility

Disturbance of motor behavior in which the person remains motionless, sometimes in an awkward posture, for extended periods.

8

Catatonic Type of Schizophrenia

Type of schizophrenia in which motor disturbances (rigidity, agitation, and odd mannerisms) predominate.

9

Delusion

Psychotic symptom involving disorder of thought content and presence of strong beliefs that are misrepresentations of reality.

10

Delusional Disorder

Psychotic disorder featuring a persistent belief contrary to reality (delusion) but no other symptoms of schizophrenia.

11

Dementia Praecox

Latin term meaning ”premature loss of mind,” an early label for what is now called schizophrenia, emphasizing the disorder’s frequent appearance during adolescence. Called démence précoce in France.

12

Disorganized Speech

Style of talking often seen in people with schizophrenia, involving incoherence and a lack of typical logic patterns.

13

Disorganized Type of Schizophrenia

Type of schizophrenia featuring disrupted speech and behavior, disjointed delusions and hallucinations, and silly or flat affect.

14

Double Bind Communication

According to an obsolete, unsupported theory, the practice of transmitting conflicting messages that was thought to cause schizophrenia.

15

Expressed Emotion (EE)

Hostility, criticism, and overinvolvement demonstrated by some families toward a family member with a psychological disorder. This can often contribute to the person’s relapse.

16

Flat Affect

Apparently emotionless demeanor (including toneless speech and vacant gaze) when a reaction would be expected.

17

Hallucinations

Psychotic symptoms of perceptual disturbance in which things are seen, heard, or otherwise sensed although they are not actually present.

18

hebephrenia

Silly and immature emotionality, a characteristic of some types of schizophrenia.

19

Inappropriate Affect

Emotional displays that are improper for the situation.

20

Negative Symptoms

Less outgoing symptoms, such as flat affect and poverty of speech, displayed by some people with schizophrenia.

21

Paranoia

People’s irrational beliefs that they are especially important (delusions of grandeur) or that other people are seeking to do them harm.

22

Paranoid Type of Schizophrenia

Type of schizophrenia in which symptoms primarily involve delusions and hallucinations; speech and motor and emotional behavior are relatively intact.

23

Positive Symptoms

More overt symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations, displayed by some people with schizophrenia.

24

Psychotic Behavior

Severe psychological disorder category characterized by hallucinations and loss of contact with reality.

25

Residual Type of Schizophrenia

Diagnostic category for people who have experienced at least one episode of schizophrenia and who no longer display its major symptoms but still show some bizarre thoughts or social withdrawal.

26

Schizoaffective Disorder

Psychotic disorder featuring symptoms of both schizophrenia and major mood disorder.

27

Schizophrenia

Devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristic disturbances in thinking (delusions), perception (hallucinations), speech, emotions, and behavior.

28

Schizophreniform Disorder

Psychotic disorder involving the symptoms of schizophrenia but lasting less than 6 months.

29

Schizophrenogenic Mother

According to an obsolete, unsupported theory, a cold, dominating, and rejecting parent who was thought to cause schizophrenia in her offspring.

30

Schizotypical Personality Disorder

Cluster A (odd or eccentric) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of interpersonal deficits featuring acute discomfort with, and reduced capacity for, close relationships, as well as cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior.

31

Shared Psychotic Disorder (folie à deux)

Psychotic disturbance in which individuals develop a delusion similar to that of a person with whom they share a close relationship.

32

Token Economy

Social learning behavior modification system in which individuals earn items they can exchange for desired rewards by displaying appropriate behaviors.

33

Undifferentiated Type of Schizophrenia

Category for individuals who meet the criteria for schizophrenia but not for one of the defined subtypes.