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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (25)
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1

Warren
Criteria

Sentience and one of 4 additional properties

2

Warren cut off

After birth

3

Warren argument

People are members of moral community

4

Warren objection

Infanticide
Dogs cats chimps people but babies aren't?? What?

5

Warren Comeback

Her post script

6

Steinbock
Criteria

Sentience (consciousness)

7

Steinbock
Cutoff

6 months gestation (development of cerebral cortex)

8

Steinbock
Argument

Not wrong until you have an experience agent (cerebral cortex) and experience pain. Once you experience is you have consciousness and interest and rights

9

Steinbock
Objection

Temporary Coma
Can't kill them because it's going to go away and they have future experiences
Bone marrow example (schimp v Mcfall)

10

Steinbock
Comeback

Wrong to kill the person in coma because they've experienced before, not because they have future experiences

11

Marquis criteria

Unique biological individuality

12

Marquis cutoff

2 weeks after conception

13

Marquis argument

Argument from wrongness of killing

14

Marquis objection

Confers rights on gametes. Every cell has potential of life. So this would mean we have to clone humans

15

Marquis comeback

2 week cutoff

16

Arguments from autonomy and self defense

Thomson, Dadlez & Andrews, beckwith, and English

17

Thomson

Right not to be hard as life support against will.
Violinist example.

18

Beckwith

You're obligated to provide life support if you voluntarily did something you know you could create the need for it
Blizzard example

19

Dadlez & Andrews

Fetal rights could deprive women of civil rights.
Actual cases are examples
Constitution clearly states that born and naturalized citizens have rights so to include fetuses, there is need for an amendment

20

Actual cases examples for Dadlez and Andrews

Court ordered c-sections, criminalization of miscarriage

21

English

Can kill if that's the minimum force necessary for defense of well-being

Example of hypnotized attackers

22

Pain capable unborn child protection act

Abortions are not okay after 5 months because fetus can allegedly feel pain at that stage

23

Abortion laws in the beginning

Initially intended to protect women's health, not the health of a fetus.
Made illegal in 1800s because people were dying

24

Hyde amendment

No federal money goes to abortion
(Taxpayers aren't paying for it)

25

Warren criteria. 4 characteristics

Self-awareness, self-motivated activity, capacity to communicate intentionally, reasoning