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Flashcards in test 2 Deck (127)
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1

Erikson called the psychosocial developmental stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years of age _________

initiative vs. guilt

2

"if you draw a pretty picture for me, i will give you a certificate as a reward", the researcher told Amy. After receiving her reward, Amy was given the opportunity to draw more pictures just for fun. If Amy was like most children, what was she likely to do?

stop drawing pictures

3

What is one of the functions peers provide in active play?

competition

4

Who is known for her work on parenting styles?

Diana Baumrind

5

Christine wears a dress, and her parents tell her how pretty she looks. This is an example of what theory regarding gender development?

behaviorist

6

tertiary prevention

actions, such as immediate and effective medical treatment, after an adverse event

7

T/F a play face helps to facilitate sociodramatic play

false

8

Freud called the period from the ages of 3 to 6 years the _____ stage

phallic

9

______ believe that virtually all roles, values, and morals are learned

behaviorists

10

Harm or endangerment about which someone has notified the authorities

reported maltreatment

11

a study comparing children who had been maltreated with similar children who had not been maltreated found that years later they were _____% less likely to be employed

14%

12

primary prevention

actions that change overall background conditions to prevent some unwanted event or circumstance, such as injury, disease, or abuse

13

Intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation

Intrinsic- comes from within a person who does something for the joy of doing it
Extrinsic- comes from outside a person and entices the person to behave in a certain way for reward

14

How can parents and teachers help kids to be intrinsically motivated?

acknowledging their effort when engaged in activities instead of the product or outcome of the effort

15

describe the three parenting styles identified by Baumrind

1. Authoritarian- lack of warmth, strict, rigid rules; no input from the child, strict often physical discipline. high expectations for maturity
2. Authoritative- warm and nurturing, uses reinforcement over punishment, understanding that children are not as cognitively developed, encourages communication, realistic expectations
3. Permissive- warm and loving but does not establish rules and often no consequences. Low expectations for maturity

16

describe neglectful/uninvolved parenting and compare it to permissive

Neglectful parents do not seem to care what or how their children are doing. Permissive parents care about their children's activities and are involved in their children's lives; however, they are indulgent. Both styles do not use physical punishment for misbehavior

17

Outcomes for authoritative

popular with teachers and peers. As adults they tend to be successful, articulate, happy with themselves, and generous with others

18

authoritarian outcomes

children feel guilty or depressed, internalizing their frustrations and blaming themselves when things dont go well. Rebellion is common. As adults they are conscientious, obedient, and quiet, but not especially happy

19

permissive outcomes

less mature than their peers. Display poorer self-regulation. Continue dependent behaviors into adulthood. As adults, they lack emotional regulation and self-control. This immaturity impedes relationships, which is the main reason for their unhappiness

20

neglectful/uninvolved outcomes

tend to be immature, sad, lonely, and at risk of injury and abuse not only during childhood but throughout their life span

21

explain difference between sex and gender and three examples of gender schema

sex- biological and includes anatomical differences
gender- cultural construct
examples:
1. boys shouldn't cry
2. girls play with dolls instead of soliders
3. Only boys play football

22

authoritative characteristics

acceptance-high
involvement- high
control-adaptive
autonomy-appropriate

23

authoritarian

acceptance-low
involvement- low
control-high
autonomy-low

24

permissive

acceptance-high
involvement-too low/too high
control-low
autonomy-high

25

uninvolved

acceptance-low
involvement-low
control-low
autonomy-indifferent

26

at charlie's recent checkup, her doctor told her she is obese. Charlie's BMI is most likely in the ______ percentile.

97th

27

What couldn't a child do in the concrete operational stage of development?

figure out what to tell his parents if he broke a lamp

28

TIMMSS is the international test of

science and math

29

Common Core

a set of standards by subject and grade level that was developed by experts and intended for nationwide use in response to doubts about state-level assessments

30

Joseph's aggressive behavior could be de to genetic inheritance, exposure to violent media, or living in a violent neighborhood. This reflects the developmental principle of_______

equifinality