Flashcards in test 2 Deck (127)
Erikson called the psychosocial developmental stage that occurs between 3 and 6 years of age _________
initiative vs. guilt
"if you draw a pretty picture for me, i will give you a certificate as a reward", the researcher told Amy. After receiving her reward, Amy was given the opportunity to draw more pictures just for fun. If Amy was like most children, what was she likely to do?
stop drawing pictures
What is one of the functions peers provide in active play?
Who is known for her work on parenting styles?
Christine wears a dress, and her parents tell her how pretty she looks. This is an example of what theory regarding gender development?
actions, such as immediate and effective medical treatment, after an adverse event
T/F a play face helps to facilitate sociodramatic play
Freud called the period from the ages of 3 to 6 years the _____ stage
______ believe that virtually all roles, values, and morals are learned
Harm or endangerment about which someone has notified the authorities
a study comparing children who had been maltreated with similar children who had not been maltreated found that years later they were _____% less likely to be employed
actions that change overall background conditions to prevent some unwanted event or circumstance, such as injury, disease, or abuse
Intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivation
Intrinsic- comes from within a person who does something for the joy of doing it
Extrinsic- comes from outside a person and entices the person to behave in a certain way for reward
How can parents and teachers help kids to be intrinsically motivated?
acknowledging their effort when engaged in activities instead of the product or outcome of the effort
describe the three parenting styles identified by Baumrind
1. Authoritarian- lack of warmth, strict, rigid rules; no input from the child, strict often physical discipline. high expectations for maturity
2. Authoritative- warm and nurturing, uses reinforcement over punishment, understanding that children are not as cognitively developed, encourages communication, realistic expectations
3. Permissive- warm and loving but does not establish rules and often no consequences. Low expectations for maturity
describe neglectful/uninvolved parenting and compare it to permissive
Neglectful parents do not seem to care what or how their children are doing. Permissive parents care about their children's activities and are involved in their children's lives; however, they are indulgent. Both styles do not use physical punishment for misbehavior
Outcomes for authoritative
popular with teachers and peers. As adults they tend to be successful, articulate, happy with themselves, and generous with others
children feel guilty or depressed, internalizing their frustrations and blaming themselves when things dont go well. Rebellion is common. As adults they are conscientious, obedient, and quiet, but not especially happy
less mature than their peers. Display poorer self-regulation. Continue dependent behaviors into adulthood. As adults, they lack emotional regulation and self-control. This immaturity impedes relationships, which is the main reason for their unhappiness
tend to be immature, sad, lonely, and at risk of injury and abuse not only during childhood but throughout their life span
explain difference between sex and gender and three examples of gender schema
sex- biological and includes anatomical differences
gender- cultural construct
1. boys shouldn't cry
2. girls play with dolls instead of soliders
3. Only boys play football
involvement-too low/too high
at charlie's recent checkup, her doctor told her she is obese. Charlie's BMI is most likely in the ______ percentile.
What couldn't a child do in the concrete operational stage of development?
figure out what to tell his parents if he broke a lamp
TIMMSS is the international test of
science and math
a set of standards by subject and grade level that was developed by experts and intended for nationwide use in response to doubts about state-level assessments