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Flashcards in test 4 Deck (136)
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1

secure babies turn into

secure adults

2

avoidant babies turn into

dismissive adults
(no emotions)

3

ambivalent babies turn into

entangled/preoccupied adults
(no consoling and inconsistency in caregiving)

4

disorganized babies turn into

unresolved adults
(no strategy, neglect/abuse, and frightened/frightening caregiving)

5

skills for relationship success

-give emotional care and be supportive
-receive emotional care from another person
-negotiate needs in a compromising type of way
-autonomy- being okay with own identity

6

macy main

came up with the adult attachment interview

7

who developed the theory of adult attachment?

Bolby

8

Ainsworth developed what

strange situation

9

grice's maxiums

what makes a good conversation
1. quality- be truthful and have evidence
2. quantity- be succinct, yet complete
3. relation-be relevant, presenting what has to be said so it is clearly understood
4. manner- be clear and orderly

10

AAI for secure/autonomous

-coherent, collaborative discourse (not violating Grice's Maxims)
-valuing of attachment
-ease with topic
-lively personality, humor
-ease with own imperfections
-effects of experience
-consistent descriptions
-balanced, forgiving, compassion
-autonomous, flexible, and collaborative

11

AAI for earned secure

-worked hard to move towards security
-had a rough history
- same as regular

12

traits of secure/free autonomous

-speaks comfortably about AF
-maintains verbal communication, valuing and forgiving
-explore all aspects of the attachment relationship
-metacognitive processes are rich and well developed
-overall sense of enjoyment, connection, and respect

13

outcomes of secure

-give care
-receive care
-negotiate needs
-be autonomous

14

dismissing AAI

-not coherent (violate quality and quantity), focus on surface level
-idealization
-degrades attachment
-lack of memory
-normalizing
-generalized representations of history
-tend to be excessively brief
-little articulation of hurt, distress, or feelings
-endorses negative aspects of parent's behavior

15

traits of dismissing

-avoids conversation about AF
-materialism is primary and relationships are secondary and impoverished
-claims strength from hardships and rarely acknowledges emotional needs
-brief/incomplete little memory, idealization, normalizing
-overall sense of disconnection

16

outcomes of dismissing

-emotionally closed off
-not inclined towards physical affection
(likes things more than people)

17

AAI for preoccupied/entangled

-not coherent
-preoccupied with or by attachment-related experiences and relationships
-passivity
-anger
-self-tied to parent
-unbalanced
-present invades past
-parent/self slips
-grammatically entangled or filled with vague usage
-tend to be excessively long
-address parents as if present
-psychobabble or jargon

18

traits of entangled

-seeks conversation about AF but gives push/pull descriptions
-appears angry and may use psychobabble
-preoccupation with relationship
-conversations about AF go on and on with highly charged stories and descriptions
-overall sense of anger, frustration, and ambivalence

19

precursors of entangled

parent emotional need inconsistently, confusions, anxiety/uncertainty in caregiving

20

outcomes of entangled

may have anger/resentment toward parents
identity is closely tied to parents
may be intrusive in caregiving and relationships

21

AAI for unresolved/disorganized

-during discussions of loss or abuse, individual shows striking lapse in monitoring of reasoning and discourse
-may lapse into prolonged silence or eulogistic speech during discussion on loss
-may refer to dead person as if they are still alive
-also given a classification of DS, E, or F

22

traits of unresolved

-disorganized conversation about AF and history
-contradictory strategies in conversation
-unfinished, confused, or strange thoughts
-freezing during conversation
-loss of coherence during portions of the interview

23

precursors of unresolved

frightening or frightened caregiving
trauma
loss of loved one

24

outcomes of unresolved

mental checking out
unable to be present in moment with child
not limited to childhood

25

ageism

judging people on basis of chronological age

26

a prediction that comes true because people believe it

self-fulfilling prophecy

27

in 2015 in the US, the average life expectancy was ____ years for men and _____ years for women

77:82

28

aging may be caused by the loss of the ability of _____ to duplicate perfectly

cells

29

example of selective optimization with compensation

driving slowly

30

brain senescence

neurotransmitter production decreases