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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (37):
1

10 poorest cities in WV

1. Keyser
2. Huntington
3. Martinsburg
4. Morgantown
5. Grafton
6. Parkersburg
7. Princeton
8. Moundsville
9. Buckhannon
10. Oak Hill

Based on poverty level, median income, unemployment rate

2

Role of social values

Essential element to understanding social problems and social policy

Present in all social welfare policies

Provide context for policy

3

Social values?

Achievement and success
Activity and work
Moral orientation
Humanitarian mores
Efficiency and practicality
Progress
Material comfort
Science and secular rationality
Democracy
Racism, sexism and related group superiority themes

4

Equality (social value)

Of opportunity, not outcome

5

Freedom (social value)

Social welfare policies often viewed as increasing rights of one-group and decreasing freedom of another

6

External Conformity (social value)

We have rather low tolerance for those who do not conform to accepted standards

7

Nationalism and Patriotism (social value)

Sense of zeal to spread IS economic, governmental institutions throughout the world, adopt our way of doing things

8

Individual Personality/Responsibility (social value)

Credit for success and blame for failure

9

Resource allocation

Effectiveness
Efficiency
Equity

10

T/F: AFDC was replaced by TANF?

True

11

T/F: States have more freedom of how to spend money under TANF than AFDC?

True

12

T/F: Under President Reagan, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act was passed?

False

13

T/F: States receive a block grant from the federal government to fund AFDC?

True

14

T/F: Adults receiving cash benefits are required to work or participate in a state designed program after a year, or their payments will end?

False

15

T/F: Payments to recipients using federal funds must end after a max of 3 years?

False

16

T/F: The average number of children born to parents receiving TANG is greater than the number born to all women in US?

False

17

T/F: Nearly half of all TANF recipients never finished high school

True

18

T/F: Whites represent approximately 1/3 of TANF recipients

True

19

T/F: Caseloads of all families on TANF continue to rise

False

20

T/F: TANF spending continues to rise

False

21

Macroeconomic factors

Increase or decrease productivity
Impact profits
Inflation rate, GDP, Unemployment rate

22

Doctrine of less eligibility

Person living on welfare should always be worse off than the lowest paid working person

90% selfish hypothesis, assumes that if people can do as well or better on welfare than they can be working, most people choose to live on welfare.

23

Why was TANF constructed?

To serve the poorest of the poor.

24

What changed from AFDC to TANF?

Shifted from the concept of public assistance as a right of citizenship for the needy, to a program that is temporary and for those who meet the strictest qualifications

Presupposes that there are jobs available for all who are looking

25

TANF includes:

Work requirements
Education requirements
Time limits (5 years)
Limitations for immigrants
Child support enforcement

26

Average cost for TANF

In 2010 the average payment was to a family with two children, $392 per month

27

Race in TANF

In 2010, 68.7% of recipients were minority group members

28

Time limits for TANF

No more than 60 months
No more than 2 years at a time

29

Macroeconomics for TANF

Cost: the federal share of TANF was less than 1% of the 3.8 trillion dollar 2011 budget

The program is not a significant contributor to deficits at the state or federal level

TANF spending is not increasing; it is declining

30

Federal Govt spending for TANF

2010: $26k
2014: $12k

31

How TANF funds are spent

Basic Assistance: 26%
Work related: 8%
Child care: 16%
Administration and systems: 7%
Refundable tax credit: 8%
Other areas: 34%

32

Microeconomics for TANF

TANF was structured with the goal of preventing the program from being a work disincentive, it forces labor market participation

Programs force recipients reliance on unreported funds to help fill deficits each month: causes problems for parents

Concerns regarding the programs impact on family structure and unwed births

33

Welfare

Public assistance
Social security
Workers comp
Supplemental Security Income
WIC

34

T/F: As of 2013, all but three states met the above goal

False

35

T/F: Legal immigrants are eligible for most means tested programs after one year

False

36

T/F: Illegal aliens are barred from means test

True

37

T/F: TANF reauthorization bulls are passed in Congress yearly

False