Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (37):
10 poorest cities in WV
10. Oak Hill
Based on poverty level, median income, unemployment rate
Role of social values
Essential element to understanding social problems and social policy
Present in all social welfare policies
Provide context for policy
Achievement and success
Activity and work
Efficiency and practicality
Science and secular rationality
Racism, sexism and related group superiority themes
Equality (social value)
Of opportunity, not outcome
Freedom (social value)
Social welfare policies often viewed as increasing rights of one-group and decreasing freedom of another
External Conformity (social value)
We have rather low tolerance for those who do not conform to accepted standards
Nationalism and Patriotism (social value)
Sense of zeal to spread IS economic, governmental institutions throughout the world, adopt our way of doing things
Individual Personality/Responsibility (social value)
Credit for success and blame for failure
T/F: AFDC was replaced by TANF?
T/F: States have more freedom of how to spend money under TANF than AFDC?
T/F: Under President Reagan, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act was passed?
T/F: States receive a block grant from the federal government to fund AFDC?
T/F: Adults receiving cash benefits are required to work or participate in a state designed program after a year, or their payments will end?
T/F: Payments to recipients using federal funds must end after a max of 3 years?
T/F: The average number of children born to parents receiving TANG is greater than the number born to all women in US?
T/F: Nearly half of all TANF recipients never finished high school
T/F: Whites represent approximately 1/3 of TANF recipients
T/F: Caseloads of all families on TANF continue to rise
T/F: TANF spending continues to rise
Increase or decrease productivity
Inflation rate, GDP, Unemployment rate
Doctrine of less eligibility
Person living on welfare should always be worse off than the lowest paid working person
90% selfish hypothesis, assumes that if people can do as well or better on welfare than they can be working, most people choose to live on welfare.
Why was TANF constructed?
To serve the poorest of the poor.
What changed from AFDC to TANF?
Shifted from the concept of public assistance as a right of citizenship for the needy, to a program that is temporary and for those who meet the strictest qualifications
Presupposes that there are jobs available for all who are looking
Time limits (5 years)
Limitations for immigrants
Child support enforcement
Average cost for TANF
In 2010 the average payment was to a family with two children, $392 per month
Race in TANF
In 2010, 68.7% of recipients were minority group members
Time limits for TANF
No more than 60 months
No more than 2 years at a time
Macroeconomics for TANF
Cost: the federal share of TANF was less than 1% of the 3.8 trillion dollar 2011 budget
The program is not a significant contributor to deficits at the state or federal level
TANF spending is not increasing; it is declining
Federal Govt spending for TANF
How TANF funds are spent
Basic Assistance: 26%
Work related: 8%
Child care: 16%
Administration and systems: 7%
Refundable tax credit: 8%
Other areas: 34%
Microeconomics for TANF
TANF was structured with the goal of preventing the program from being a work disincentive, it forces labor market participation
Programs force recipients reliance on unreported funds to help fill deficits each month: causes problems for parents
Concerns regarding the programs impact on family structure and unwed births
Supplemental Security Income
T/F: As of 2013, all but three states met the above goal
T/F: Legal immigrants are eligible for most means tested programs after one year
T/F: Illegal aliens are barred from means test