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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (25):

Why was Social Security developed?

To address the issue of poverty during old age


Which President created the Social Security Act?

Franklin D. Roosevelt. 1935


What is social insurance?

Protect self or family from risk; preventative


What is Public Assistance?

Assist once adverse event or circumstances have happened


Social Security Old Age

Benefits to those 65 and over.
Payments began in 1942


Who did SSI cover originally?

65 and older.
Aid to dependent children
Aid to the blind


What happened with SSI in 1956?

Benefits extended to workers with permanent disability age 50 and over


What did Bush do?

Proposal to privatize
Efforts to promote privatization among congress and general public failed.


What happened in 2008?

Proposals for reform were part of the 2008 presidential campaign; no action taken as of yet.
Potential areas for reform:
Increase cap on income tax for those earning over $106,600.
Reforming pension systems


Mental health in young adults and children

Estimates are that 26.2% of those 18 and older suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year

Estimates are that 13-20% of children had a mental disorder in any given year.


Responses to substance abuse

Moral crusade


What was the governments two pronged approach in the 1960’s?

Reduce supply via law enforcement (Trump now)

Reduce demand via prevent and treatment



Issues with reliability and consistency in diagnostic reliability

Autism and vaccination: research discredited and no current linkages.

Use of technology to help with mental health treatment and symptoms


Health policy: History. (Presidents)

Nixon: National insurance plan proposed, not in place before Watergate swept him from office

Clinton attempted reform

Bush: Medicare Modernization Act added prescription drug coverage

Mitt Romney & Obama: Affordable Care Act


Mitt Romney

Affordable Care Act was modeled on the Massachusetts policy developed by Mitt.
Pharmaceutical industry and Insurance industry support
Not a single republican vote for the bill


Latent goals on child welfare

Save money in the child welfare system


Child welfare

Is about protecting and promoting the wellbeing of children, supporting families, addressing social conditions that have a negative impact on children, and ensuring the emotional safety of children


Homebuilders: method of providing services to families to build relationships between families and systems of support (family preservation)


The Child Rescue Movement

1873: Mary Ellen Wilson and missing involvement of law enforcement.
Involvement of social work profession with child welfare.
C. Carl Carlstens trained in social work began the concept of child protection.
Precursor to the Child Welfare League of America.


Foster Care

Once a solution to providing a safe environment for abused, neglected and dependent children
Became a problem because there was no work to reunify, targeting one religious group, failed placements.

Child’s own home is best. Primary goal should be reunification.

Adoption is the goal of reunification is not possible


Problems with foster care

Children languishing in the system

Harmful to child development

Aging out of the system without returning home can lead to serious consequences


Family preservation has 4 manifest goals

To prevent placement of children in families of crisis
To protect children and prevent subsequent child maltreatment
To improve family functioning
To prevent child abuse and neglect


1997 Adoption and Safe Families Act/Child Abuse Prevention Act

A shift away from family preservation and toward child-centered policy
Requires that agencies demonstrate that they have made all reasonable efforts to preserve a family before parental rights are terminated


Foster care in WV

Basic rate: $19.73 per day
DHHR foster he’s receive $600 per month
Supplemental payments if specialized foster family - based on child’s needs.


Child welfare and family preservation economic considerations

Economic considerations are the driving force behind the rapid growth and support of family preservation


Current proposals for policy reform in family preservation

A steady movement toward Kinship Care
Supporting families who participate in Kinship car so that they can become licensed and paid as foster parents
Support the concept of financial assistance for those providing Kinship care so that they may adopt the child in their care