Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (25):
Why was Social Security developed?
To address the issue of poverty during old age
Which President created the Social Security Act?
Franklin D. Roosevelt. 1935
What is social insurance?
Protect self or family from risk; preventative
What is Public Assistance?
Assist once adverse event or circumstances have happened
Social Security Old Age
Benefits to those 65 and over.
Payments began in 1942
Who did SSI cover originally?
65 and older.
Aid to dependent children
Aid to the blind
What happened with SSI in 1956?
Benefits extended to workers with permanent disability age 50 and over
What did Bush do?
Proposal to privatize
Efforts to promote privatization among congress and general public failed.
What happened in 2008?
Proposals for reform were part of the 2008 presidential campaign; no action taken as of yet.
Potential areas for reform:
Increase cap on income tax for those earning over $106,600.
Reforming pension systems
Mental health in young adults and children
Estimates are that 26.2% of those 18 and older suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year
Estimates are that 13-20% of children had a mental disorder in any given year.
Responses to substance abuse
What was the governments two pronged approach in the 1960’s?
Reduce supply via law enforcement (Trump now)
Reduce demand via prevent and treatment
Issues with reliability and consistency in diagnostic reliability
Autism and vaccination: research discredited and no current linkages.
Use of technology to help with mental health treatment and symptoms
Health policy: History. (Presidents)
Nixon: National insurance plan proposed, not in place before Watergate swept him from office
Clinton attempted reform
Bush: Medicare Modernization Act added prescription drug coverage
Mitt Romney & Obama: Affordable Care Act
Affordable Care Act was modeled on the Massachusetts policy developed by Mitt.
Pharmaceutical industry and Insurance industry support
Not a single republican vote for the bill
Latent goals on child welfare
Save money in the child welfare system
Is about protecting and promoting the wellbeing of children, supporting families, addressing social conditions that have a negative impact on children, and ensuring the emotional safety of children
Homebuilders: method of providing services to families to build relationships between families and systems of support (family preservation)
The Child Rescue Movement
1873: Mary Ellen Wilson and missing involvement of law enforcement.
Involvement of social work profession with child welfare.
C. Carl Carlstens trained in social work began the concept of child protection.
Precursor to the Child Welfare League of America.
Once a solution to providing a safe environment for abused, neglected and dependent children
Became a problem because there was no work to reunify, targeting one religious group, failed placements.
Child’s own home is best. Primary goal should be reunification.
Adoption is the goal of reunification is not possible
Problems with foster care
Children languishing in the system
Harmful to child development
Aging out of the system without returning home can lead to serious consequences
Family preservation has 4 manifest goals
To prevent placement of children in families of crisis
To protect children and prevent subsequent child maltreatment
To improve family functioning
To prevent child abuse and neglect
1997 Adoption and Safe Families Act/Child Abuse Prevention Act
A shift away from family preservation and toward child-centered policy
Requires that agencies demonstrate that they have made all reasonable efforts to preserve a family before parental rights are terminated
Foster care in WV
Basic rate: $19.73 per day
DHHR foster he’s receive $600 per month
Supplemental payments if specialized foster family - based on child’s needs.
Child welfare and family preservation economic considerations
Economic considerations are the driving force behind the rapid growth and support of family preservation