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Flashcards in Test #2 Deck (65)
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1

When should you terminate the Back Extension test?

1. experiences pain, discomfort, or fatigue

2. if their torso drops below horizontal

3. reach maximum time

2

What effect do Anticoagulants have on HR?

no effect

3

How many warnings on positioning does the client get on the back extension test?

one

4

Where should the client look during the back extension test?

floor

5

What effect do Calcium Channel Blockers have on HR?

Decrease resting and exercise HR

6

What body part should your hands be under in the starting position of a pushup?

Shoulders

7

Definition: Steady State

when oxygen demand equals supply during aerobic metabolism

8

What are some effects of mental illness medications?

1. Drowsiness

2. Weight Gain

9

What % lower is aerobic power for females?

10

10

What effect do Nitrates have on HR?

increase HR 

11

What do you measure Vertical Jump to?

Nearest 0.5cm

12

What is the purpose of the One Leg Stance test?

assesses balance, including balance impairments

especially beneficial for the older population

13

What are the 7 types of Cardiovascular Medications?

BAND SAC

1. Beta Blockers

2. Diuretics

3. Ace Inhibitors

4. Calcium Channel Blockers

5. Anticoagulants

6. Statins

7. Nitrates

14

What is the max amount of time your client can hold the back extension?

3 minutes

15

16

How many times do you measure each hand for Hand Grip?

Twice

17

If the client is unable to reach the mark on the flexometer, what should you measure?  Does this count towards their HBR?

From fingertips to the 0 mark.  It does not count, but can be used towards goal setting.

18

By how much does the risk of falling increase when a client is unable to balance on one leg for more than 5 seconds?

Twice

19

What is the device for Hand Grip called?

Hand Grip Dynamometer

20

How many seconds do you rest between Vertical Jumps?

10-15s

21

At what rate does your aerobic ability decrease with age, between what ages?

10% between 20 and 69

22

What happens to systolic blood pressure while exercising?

can increase up to 200mmHg

23

What is the purpose of the Back Extension test?

measures the isometric endurance of the trunk extensor muscles, indicates good back health and prevention of low back pain

24

What should the clients arms be doing during the back extension

crossed on chest

25

What is the only MSK with a different population?  What are they?

One Leg Stance - Balance - 18-69

Rest - 15-69

26

What side effects do Cardiovascular Medications have?

1. Suppress HR and BP at rest AND during exercise

2. Increase fluid loss

3. Increase exercise tolerance

4. Decrease BP during exercise

27

How many times before the Sit and Reach do you perform the hurdler's stretch on each leg?  For how long?

Twice.  20s.

28

How many times do you perform the Sit and Reach?

Twice

29

How do you determine the HBR for Hand Grip?

Take the highest number from each hand and add them together.

30

How to call security on Durham College?

905 721 2000 ex 2400

31

What effect do Beta Blockers have on HR?

suppress hr

32

How can your client maximize their Sit and Reach result?

Lower their head and exhale

33

What measure of time is the Back Extension HBR in?

seconds

34

How many times does the client perform the Vertical Jump test?

3

35

How should arms be positioned during the one leg stance?

crossed on chest

36

What are the indirect implications of cancer medications?

1. Fatigue

2. Anemia

3. Burns

4. Coordination

37

Where is the AED in the flex?

at the check in desk at the flex

38

What effect do statins have on HR?

 no effect

39

What do you measure the Sit and Reach to?

Nearest 0.5cm

40

What should be aligned with the edge of the table for back extension?

Iliac Crest

41

True or False: Musculoskeletal medications affect HR and BP.

false

42

True or False: Asthmatic clients should have their inhaler in their locker at all times.

false.  on them.

43

What is the purpose of the Vertical Jump test?

measures peak leg power or the ability to contract the leg muscles with speed and force in one explosive action

indicates functional capacity & independant living as you age

44

What unit of measure do you round the Hand Grip measurement to?

1kg

45

What should be 6 inches apart during the Sit and Reach?

Inner edge of the soles

46

When should you stop the Push Up test?

1. client strains forcibly

2. unable to maintain technique over 2 consecutive repetitions

3. asks to stop

47

What is the device for the sit and reach called?

Flexometer

48

What is the purpose of the Hand Grip test?

measures isometric strength & is widely used as an indicator of overall body strength, functional limitation and disability later in life

49

What is the purpose of the Sit and Reach test?

measures hamstring & lower back flexibility & a valid indicator of general flexibility

tightness indicates poor back health

Hip flexibility & Hamstring extensibility

50

When should you terminate the one leg stance test?

1. Arms uncross

2. foot moves towards or away from standing foot

3. weight bearing foot moves (rotates on floor)

4. 45 seconds has elapsed

51

What two types of medication can cause drowsiness?

Mental Illness & Musculoskeletal

52

How long do you hold your position for on the Sit and Reach?

2 full seconds

53

What effect do Diuretics have on HR?

no effect

54

Definition: Maximum Difference

Difference between standing reach height & peak jump height

55

What does balancing on one leg require?

1. Static Balance

2. Leg Strength

3. Integration of inner ear and visual signals and receptors in the muscles and joints

56

What happens to diastolic BP during exercise?

doesn't change or decrease slightly (hypotensive)

57

True or False: Mental Illness medications will affect HR and BP.

false

58

What joint on the hand should the hand dynomometer sit?

2nd joint

59

True or False: Asthma medication can affect HR.

true

60

How many seconds should the client pause before jumping in the Vertical Jump test?

1-2s

61

What effect do Ace Inhibitors have on HR?

no effect

62

What is the purpose of the Push Up test?

measure of muscular endurance of the chest, shoulders, and arms

important for ADLs like carrying groceries or shoveling snow which require repeated sub-maximal contractions

63

What body parts should not touch the mat on the down phase of a pushup?

Belly and thighs

64

What should you record the one leg stance time to?

nearest 0.1s

65

What percent of a persons arm should the BP cuff cover?

80%