Test 2 Review Reverse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 2 Review Reverse Deck (44):
1

Body position 

laying flat on back

Supine

2

Body Postition

laying on stomach

Prone

3

Body Position

on right side 90° to table

Right Lateral Decubitus

4

Body Position

on Right side 45° to table

Right Posterior Oblique

5

Body Position 

seated at angle other than 90°

Sitting Semi-Erect

6

Body Position

seated at 90° angle

Sitting Erect

7

Body Position 

left side 90° to table

Left Lateral Decubitus

8

Body Position 

left side 45° to table

Left Posterior Oblique

9

Right and Left hypochondrium

greater part of epigastrium

inferior to diaphragm

in contact with right kidney and IVC

Aorta lies posterior to left lobe

Liver Location

10

organ part lies inferior to the left lobe of liver

Pancreas Body Location

11

between the liver and diaphragm

common for abcess formation

Subphrenic space

12

morrison's pouch

common for periotoneal fluid or blood to collect

Right subphrenic space

13

lies anterior to the left kidney

posterior to the left colic fixture and transverse colon

Pancreas tail location

14

lies directly anterior to the portal splenic confluence or SMV

Pancreas neck location

15

most inferior portion of gland

anterior to the IVC

right of the portal-splenic confluence

inferior to the MPV and caudate lobe

Pancreas Head location

16

Lies on Visceral surface of liver

Main lobar fissure is sonographic landmark

leading to the fossa

Gallbladder location

17

Lies in retroperitoneal cavity near the posterior wall

just below diaphragm

slightly lower than left

Right lobe of liver pushes it inferior

Right Kidney location

18

lies in retropertoneal cavity near posterior wall

posterior to pancreas tail

medial of spleen

 

Left Kidney location

19

 located between the stomach and the diaphragm in the left hypochondriac region

Spleen location

20

Transducer Frequency for Adult abdominal scans

2.5-5MHz

21

Transducer Frequency for pediatric abdominal scans

5-7MHz

22

AST

ALT

LDH

Alk phos

Bilibrubin

PT

Albumin 

Globulins

Liver Function Tests

 

23

TGC adjusted to balance near and far echos

overall gain-adjusted to adequatley penetrate the entire right lobe and a smooth homogeneous pattern

depth posterior right lobe positioned at the lower border of screen

focuses near the posterior border

transducer freq.  Avg adult 2.5-5MHz, pediatric 5-7MHz

Liver scanning

24

size in the longitudinal plane

attentuation of the parechyma

texture

presence of hepatic vascular structures, ligaments and fissures

Liver Scanning evaluation

25

Cortex

Hilum

pyramids

calyx

 

Kidney

26

excretes waste

regulates composition of the blood by filtration of harmful wastes, conserving water and metabolites in the body

 

Kidney Function

27

Urinalysis,

Urine pH,

Protein,

Specific Gravity,

Blood, BUN,

Serum Creatinine,

Hematocrit,

Hemoglobin,

Creatinine clearance

Kidney lab tests

28

always bilateral exam

nephrectomy-long and trvs image of the renal fossa looking for fluid collection

patiens should be hydrated

liver and spleen used and window

deep inspiration will allow approx 2 cm downward shift of kidneys for better visualization

start with RT longitudinal lateral-median then transverse sup-inferior making sure to scan beyond outer contours

Kidney imaging

29

Right liver lobe normal variant

more prevalent in Women

Reidels Lobe

30

suffix for inflamation

ititus

31

NPO after midnight

fat free cream free supper

Patient Prep for Scan

32

Head Left

Feet Right

top anterior

bottom posterior

Longitudinal Scan screen orientation

33

Right = patient Left

Left = patient right

top anterior

bottom posterior

Transverse Scan screen orientation

34

moves gas

expands veins

expands intercostal region

Patient breath and hold 

35

above baseline

toward

Hepatapetal

36

below baseline

away from

Hepatafugal

37

Functioning part of kidney

Nephron

38

functioning unit of Liver

Hepatocyte

39

veins have brighter outline due to glycerins capsule

Portal Veins

vs

Hepatic veins

40

Celiac Trunk

SMA

Left & Right Renal A

Left & Right Gonadal A

IMA

Left & Right Common Iliac

Aortic branches

41

Hepatic Artery

Splenic Artery

Gastric Artery

Celiac Trunk

42

 

Divide Liver into left, medial and right

Main

Left and Right Hepatic Veins

43

divide liver anteriorly and posteriorly

Main & Left and Right Portal Veins

44

Urinalysis

Urine pH

Specific Gravity

Blood

Hematocrit

Hemoglobin

Protein

Creatinine Clearnce

BUN

Serum Creatinine

Lab Tests for Renal Disease