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Flashcards in test 4 Deck (62):
1

social psychology

scientific study of how we influence one another, think about one another, interactions with one another

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behavior is a product of..

situational factors and personal disposition(personality)

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conformity

change behavior or beliefs in order to go with the majority of the group

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informational social influence

conform bc we lack info ab how to act in ambiguous situations

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normative social influence

conform when we dont want to be seen as an outsider....asch experiment (line perspective)

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milgram

would people conform to authority if harming someone....65% went all the way to strongest voltage

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two key factors in obedience

authority figure (less prestigious place-reduced to 47%)..
proximity of the victim (learner)(same room=40% finish)placing hand on shock plate (30% finish)

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attribution

what we perceive to be the cause of someones behavior

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internal/dispositional attribution

cause of someones behavior is bc their personality or things internal to them

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external/situational attribution

external situation is cause of behavior

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FAE

fundamental attribution error...tend to overemphasize internal factors to ones behavior

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ross experiment

quiz show contestants and hosts host wrote questions, audience rated him as smarter

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prejudice

neg evaluations of someone bc they belong to specific group

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sterotype

over generalized categories applied to individuals in particular groups

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discrimination

behavior towards individuals in groups that are harmful or limit oppertunities

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social learning theory

prejudice occurs by observation

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social identity theory

prejudice bc in groups and outgroups , self esteem

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realistic group conflict theory

when groups compete for limited resources, prejudice occurs

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alturism

prosocial behavior, helping

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why do we help others

helpers high, emotion, reciprocity (helping is a 2 way street)

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darley and latane

set up mock emergency situation, subjects in small or large groups

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bystander effect

people help less when others are around

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diffusion of responsibility

feel less responsible when others are present

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physical attractiveness

facial symmetry, pupil dilation, attractive stereotype

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triarchic theory of love

intimacy, passion, commitment

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bandura study

agression in observational learning

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frustration agression hypothesis

primary method for adult agression, goal is blocked, results in frustration, which may lead to agression

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anxiety disorders

persistant intense anxiety that interferes with ability to function...... generalized, panic , phobia

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generalized anxiety

"free floating" anxiety, worry and dread without a specific cause

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panic disorder

intense anxiety w sudden onset, driven by situation..panic attack becomes the most dreaded thing

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specific phobia disorder

unrealistic fear that is disproportionate

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OCD

OCD, hoarding, body dysmorphic disorder... repetitive behaviors used to control anxiety about obsessions

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Mood disorders

depression (acute and recurrent and chronic and seasonal)

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signs of depression

depressed mood most of the day
loss of interest in daily activities
fatigue
change in weight
sleep patterns
activity levels
neg self concept
trouble concentrating
suicidal

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acute depression

one very serious episode

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recurrent depression

multiple episodes, separated by at least 2 months

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chronic depression

dysthymic disorder- milder, continually recurring up to 2 years

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smoatoform disorders

physological problems that focus on the body, preoccupation with bodily functions or symptoms of illness

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hypochondriasis

somatoform disorder, misinterpretation of normal body functions

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conversion disorder

somatoform disorder, physical problem with no physical cause (blindness, paralysis)

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dissociative disorders

separation of conscious awareness from previous memories or thoughts..dissociative amnesia..identity disorder

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dissociative identity disorder

distinct personalities, possible physical differences, 95% of child abuse

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schizophrenia

disturbance in thought emotion, behavior

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positive symptoms of schizophrenia

overt presence,
hallucinations
delusion
disorganized speech

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negative symptoms of schizophrenia

catatonia- conscious state but lack of movement or response..
flat effect-little or no emotional response, inappropriate responses

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types of schizophrenia

catatonic, paranoid, disorganized schizophrenia.... (primary symptom)

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causes of schizophrenia

enlarged ventricles, dopamine, or can be environmental from virus or stress

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biomedical therapies

drug therapies

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antipsychotic drugs

schizophrenia, block dopamine receptors, (thorazine and tardive dyskinesia....discontinuation results in relapse

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antidepressant drugs

MAO inhibitors(increase effectiveness of serotonin),
Tricyclics-increase norepinephrine levels
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (prozak) -leaves more serotonin in the synapse

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anti-anxiety drugs

older drugs were minor tranquilizers, (valium, xanax...physical addiction)
newer drugs work with nerotransmitters (Paxil, zoloft)

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electroconvuslive therapies

now used only for major depression..newer methods implant electrodes sending milk electric signals to mood centers

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transcranial magnetic stimulation

magnetic field disrupts neural transmission, used for depression and auditory hallucinations of schizophrenics

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psychosurgery

lobotomy

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insight therapies

psychoanalysis(freud), unconcious thought and bleief, childhood, therapist asses patients and interprets...effective with long standing personaliity patterns and relationship issues

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behavior therapies

maladaptive behaviors that contribute to disorders, conditioning techniques

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systematic desensitization

construct anxiety hierarchy, learn relaxation techniques, work thru hierarchy while using techniques to relax

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intensive exposure technique

behavioral therapy, goes straight to the most feared event

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cognitive therapies

emphasis on irrational beliefs and negative thoughts which typify many disorders, explores connections to negative thoughts to depression (mindfulness, cognitive restructuring)

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humanistic therapies

emphasis on self discovery, potential , and adjustment, very successful and popular for depression, anxiety, life issues (marriage, family, etc)

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carl rodgers

client centered therapy, humanistic therapy

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3 requirements of therapist

humanistic therapy, congruency (consistency/honest)
unconditional positive regard (support)
empathy(walk in their shoes)