Test IIIPart I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test IIIPart I Deck (75)
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1

The MC malignant tumor in adults

MM

2

The MC malignant tumor in children

Osteosarcoma

3

The MC bengin osseous tumor

Osteochondroma

4

The MC benign spinal tumor

Hemanigoma

5

What are the 3 kinds of patterns of bone destruction

Geographic
Moth-eaten
Permeative

6

What is the describtion for a geographic bone destruction

Less aggresive
Soliatry lesion>1cm
Short zone of transtion
Well defined margin

7

What is the description of a moth eaten bone destruction

Moderate aggresive
Numeous small holes 2-5mm
Longer zone of transtion
Not well defined marins

8

What is the description for a permeative bone destruction

Most aggresive
Numerous small holes 1mm
Wide zone of transition
Poorly defined borders

9

What are the different patterns of Periosteal rxns

Buttresting/solid
Lamenated
Spiculated
Codmans Triangle

10

Lamenated Perisoteal patterns are usually associated with this tumor

Ewings Sarcoma

11

A Spiculated periosteal pattern is associated with whic tumro

Osteosarcoma

12

This periosteal rxn is the most aggressive and seen in bengin tumors, and infections

Codmans triangle

13

What are the tumors with a cartilage matrix

Encondroma
Osteochondroma
Chondroblatoma
Chrondromyxoid fibroma
Chondrosarcoma

14

Tumors with Osseous Matrix

Osteoma
Osteoblastoma
Osteochondroma
Osteoid Ostema
Osteochondroma

15

What is the primary site of mets for females

Breat 70% having 80% blastic

16

What is the primary site of mets for males

Prostate being blastic
Lung carinoma being lytic

17

What is the MC pathway for mets

Blood through the Batsons venous plexus

18

This mets oringantes from renal and thyroid cancer

Expansile.Bubbly

19

What are the 3 diseases assocaiedted with pathological fractures

Lytic Mets
MM
Osteoporosis

20

Pathologcal fracures in children are called

Eosinophilic granuloma

21

What are the three disease assocaited with Ivory Vertebra

Pagets
Hodgkins lymphoma
Osteoblastic mets

22

This tumor is a malignant proliferation of plasma cells which infitrate the bone marrow

MM

23

The age group associated with MM

50-70

24

This is a localized form of plasma cell proliferation

Solitary plasmacytoma

25

Soliatary Plasmocytoma usually has this radiographic finding

Soap bubly,expansion lesion

26

This tumor is undifferentiated connective tissue which forms neoplastic osteiod

Osteosarcoma

27

What is the age range for osteosarcoma

10-25

28

Osteosarcomas mostly occur in this area

Around the knee (Distal femur)
Metaphysis

29

This is a tuor of the chondrogenic orign

Chondrosarcoma

30

Chondrosarcoma arise from

Condroblast
Collagenblast

31

What is the age group for Condrosarcoma

40-60, >50

32

What are the radiographic findgins for chondrosarcoma

Popcorn matrix
Enosteal scalloping

33

This is a tumor compised of the tumor cells derived from the connective tissue framework of bone marrow

Ewings Sarcoma

34

This is the only primary tumor that stimulats infection

Ewings sarcoma

35

This is the MC location of a ewings sarcoma

Long bones
Diaphysis

36

This is a neoplasm that oringnates from a non bone forming suppoirtve connective tissue of a marrow

Gint Cell Tumor

37

What is the age group and gender affected by GCT

20-40
1:1 gender

38

GCT is the MC benign tumor of the

sacrum

39

GCT are MC in the

long bones

40

Radiographic findgind for GCT

Geopgraphic
Metaphysis and epiphysis
Subarticular*

41

This is a bony exostosis on the external surface of a bone and usually lined by a hyaline cartilage cap

Solitary Osteochondroma

42

Soliatry Osteochondroma has this type of lesion

"leave it alone"

43

Solitary Osteochondroma has two types

Sessile
Pedunculated

44

This type of soliatary Osteochondroma has a broad cap and no stalk: humerus and scaupla

Sessile

45

This type of Solitary Osteochondroma has a long stalk with cartilage cap, : knee, hip and ankle

Pedunculated

46

Solitary Osteochondromas are MC in

long bones, femur and tibia

47

Growth of a solitary Osteochondroma stop when

the growth plate closes

48

This is a tumor with multiple osteochondromas

Hereditary Mulitple Exotosis

49

Multiple Exostosi is discovered in this age range

2-10

50

This is a non-neoplastic fluid filled cyctic cavity lined with fibrous tissue

Simple Bone Cyst

51

The age group for SBC

3-14

52

SBC is usually asympomatic unless

fractured

53

The MC location for SBC

proximal humerus

54

Radiographic signs for SBC

Metaphyseal
Fallen fragment sign

55

This is a non-neoplastic expansile lesion conatining thin-walled blood filled cavities

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

56

ABC has a proliferation of this compnent

Vascular of the red marrow

57

ABC occur mostly in this age group

58

This is a rare benign tumor with unlimited growth potenital

Osteoblastoma

59

Peak age for OSetoblastoma is

10-20

60

Osteoblastoma is MC in the spine in this area

Posterior neural arch

61

This is a benign skeletal neoplasm composed of osteod and woven bone

Osteoid Osteoma

62

Age group for OO

10-25

63

Clincial features of OO

Local pain weeks to years in duration
Worse at night
decrease by activity

64

This is a benign tumor arising in membranous bone

Osteoma

65

Osteoma is assocaited with this syndrome

Gardners

66

This is a benign cartilaginous growth in the medullary cavoty of bones preformed in cartilage

Encondroma

67

This is the MC benign tumor of the hand

Enchondroma

68

This is a non hereditary failure of cartilage ossification

Enchondromatosis/Olliers

69

This syndrom is assicated with Enchondromatosis

Maffucci Syndrome

70

This is a solitary vacular neoplasm which is slow growing and composed of newly formed capillar, cavernous, or venous blood vessels

hemangioma

71

A rare benign bone tumor

Chondroblastoma

72

Condroblastoma is peak years of

5-25

73

Nonossifying Fibroma are usually in

distal tibia

74

This is a benign fibro osseous developmetn anomluy of the mesenchymal precurso of bone

Fibrous Dysplasia

75

Clincial findings of Fibrous Dysplasia

Mcune-Albright Syndrom
Cafe au la spots