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Flashcards in TEST QUESTIONS Deck (17):
1

What is the most common pituitary tumor?

- non-secreting pituitary tumor

2

What is the most common secreting pituitary tumor?

- prolactinoma

3

How do you diagnose acromegaly?

- GH
- glucose tolerance tests= paradoxical rise of GH following glucose administration.

4

Can craniopharyngiomas present with central diabetes insipidus?

- YES

5

What will you see in DI?

- dilute urine
- reduced osmolarity in urine

6

How do you treat central DI?

- desmovasopressin (aka ADH)

7

Is the central source of Cushings ACTH dependent or independent?

- ACTH dependent

8

Is the adrenal source of Cushings ACTH dependent or independent?

- ACTH independent

9

What test do we use to diagnose Cushings?

- overnight dexamethasone (1 mg at bedtime) and then get the cortisol level in the morning.

10

If a pt has central Cushings, what test result will you see?

- suppression of high dose test.
*if there is no suppression, then the cause is either an adrenal source (ACTH independent) or ectopic (ACTH secreting tumor).

11

What is the most common congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

- 21 hydroxylase deficiency

12

What will you see with hyperaldosteronism?

- secondary cause of HTN
- alkalosis and HYPOkalmeia

13

How do you treat pheochromocytoma?

- alpha blocker
- surgery

14

Are thyroid nodules most often benign?

- YES

15

What is the most common thyroid cancer?

- papillary

16

How many people have T2DM in the U.S. and world, respectively?

- U.S.= 29 million
- world= 400 million

17

What are the macro and microvascular complications of T2DM?

- macro= stroke, MI, and PVD.
- micro= retinopathy, nephropathy, and peripheral neuropathy