Flashcards in TEST QUESTIONS Deck (17):
What is the most common pituitary tumor?
- non-secreting pituitary tumor
What is the most common secreting pituitary tumor?
How do you diagnose acromegaly?
- glucose tolerance tests= paradoxical rise of GH following glucose administration.
Can craniopharyngiomas present with central diabetes insipidus?
What will you see in DI?
- dilute urine
- reduced osmolarity in urine
How do you treat central DI?
- desmovasopressin (aka ADH)
Is the central source of Cushings ACTH dependent or independent?
- ACTH dependent
Is the adrenal source of Cushings ACTH dependent or independent?
- ACTH independent
What test do we use to diagnose Cushings?
- overnight dexamethasone (1 mg at bedtime) and then get the cortisol level in the morning.
If a pt has central Cushings, what test result will you see?
- suppression of high dose test.
*if there is no suppression, then the cause is either an adrenal source (ACTH independent) or ectopic (ACTH secreting tumor).
What is the most common congenital adrenal hyperplasia?
- 21 hydroxylase deficiency
What will you see with hyperaldosteronism?
- secondary cause of HTN
- alkalosis and HYPOkalmeia
How do you treat pheochromocytoma?
- alpha blocker
Are thyroid nodules most often benign?
What is the most common thyroid cancer?
How many people have T2DM in the U.S. and world, respectively?
- U.S.= 29 million
- world= 400 million