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Flashcards in The Animal Kingdom Deck (47)
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1

What phyla come under DIPLOBLASTIC ANIMALS

1. CNIDARIA

2. CTENOPHORA

2

What phyla come under TRIPLOBLASTIC ANIMALS?

1. PROTOSTOMES

2. DEUTEROSTOMES

3

What types of PROTOSTOMES are there?

1. LOPHOTROCHOZOA

2. ECDYSOZOA

4

Phyla belonging to LOPHOTROCHOZOA?

1. BRYOZOA

2. BRACHIOPODA

3. ROTIFERA

4. PLATYHELMINTHES

5. NEMERTEA

6. ANNELIDA

7. MOLLUSCA

5

Phyla under ECDYSOZOA?

1. NEMATODA

2. TARDIGRADA

3. ONYCHOPHORA

4. ARTHROPODA

6

Phyla under DEUTEROSTOMES

1. ECHINODERMATA

2. HEMICHORDATA

3. CHORDATA

7

What does PORIFERA mean?

Pore bearer
Ie sponges

8

Classes under phylum PORIFERA

1. HEXACTINELLIDA - (‘6 rayed spicules’) glass sponges

2. CALCAREA - (‘calcareous’)

3. DESMOSPONGIA - (‘socially bound sponge’)

9

Example of British PORIFERA

DESMOSPONGIA - Genus: Spongilla

10

What does CNIDARIA mean?

‘Stinging cells’

11

Classes under phylum CNIDARIA

1. ANTHOZOA (‘flower shaped’)- sea anemones, corals, sea pens. Genera: Actinia

2. HYDROZOA (‘water animal’) - Hydra. Genera: Hydra, Obelia, Physalia

3. SCYPHOZOA (‘cup- shaped’) - jellyfish. Genera: Aurelia

4. CUBOZOA (‘box-shaped’) - Box jellies, sea wasps

12

What does CTENOPHORA mean?

‘Comb bearer’
Comb jellies

13

What does BRYOZOA mean?

‘Moss animals’
Ectoprocts
Genus: Plumatella

14

What does BRACHIOPODA mean?

‘Arm foot’
Lamp shells

15

What does ROTIFERA mean?

‘Wheel bearer’
Genus: Euchlanis, Rotaria

16

What does PLATYHELMINTHES mean?

‘Flat worms’

17

Classes under phyla PLATYHELMINTHES

1. TURBELLARIA - free-living flatworms. Genus: Dugesia

2. TREMATODA - (‘anchor with hole’) - flukes (internal parasites) Genus: Schistoma

3. MONOGENEA - (‘one race’) - flukes (fish ectoparasites)

4. CESTODA - (‘belt’) - tapeworms. Genus: Taenia

18

What does NEMERTEA mean?

‘Greek nymph’
Bootlace/ ribbon worms

19

What does ANNELIDA mean?

‘Ambulated or ringed’
Segmented worm

20

Classes under phyla NEMERTEA

1. POLYCHAETA - (‘many bristles’) bristle worms, rag worms, lugworms Genus: Nereis, Arenicola

2. CLITELLATA - (‘saddled’)
a. OLIGIOCHAETA - earthworms. Genus: Lumbricus
b. HIRUDINEA - leeches. Genus: Hirudo

21

What does MOLLUSCA mean?

'soft'

22

Classes under phyla MOLLUSCA

1. POLYPLACOPHORA - ('many plated') chitons. Genus: Lepidochiton

2. GASTROPODA - ('stomach foot') snails, slugs, limpets. Genus: Helix, Arion, Patella

3. BIVALVIA - ('two shels') mussels, clams, oyster, scallops. Genus: Mytilus, Tridacna, Ostrea, Pecten

4. CEPHALODOPDA - ('head foot') squid, octopus, cuttlefish, nautilus. Genus: Loligo

23

What does NEMATODA mean?

'thread like'
round worms. Genus: Ascaris, Caenorhabditis

24

What does TARDIGRADA mean?

'slow walker'
Tardigrades. Genus: Macrobiotus

25

What does ONYCHOPHORA mean?

'claw bearer'
Velvet worm. Genus: Peripatus

26

What does ARTHROPODA mean?

'jointed feet'

27

What SUBPHYLUMS belong under phyla ARTHROPODA?

1. CRUSTACEA ('encrusted')

2. CHELICERATA ('talon horned')

3. MYRIAPODA ('many feet')

4. HEXAPODA ('6 feet')

28

Classes under subphylum CRUSTACEA

1. BRACHIOPODA ('gill foot') Genus: Daphnia, Triops

2. MAXILLOPODA ('moth foot') Barnacles, Copepods. Genus: Macrocyclops

3. MALACOSTRACA ('soft shell') Lobster, crab, prawns, krill, shrimp, mantis shrimp, hermit crab, woodlouse. Genus: Armadillidium, Carcinus, Homarus

29

Class under subphylum CHELICERATA

1. Horseshoe Crabs. Genus: Limulus

2. ARACHNIDA spiders, scorpions, mites, ticks, harvestmen. Genus: Araneus, Andronectus

30

What does subphyla MYRIAPODA mean?

'ten thousand feet'
Centipedes, millipedes. Genus: Lithobius