What is a resource?
A stock or a supply of something that has a value or purpose e.g. food, energy, water.
Name 3 resources people need?
What is undernutrition?
A poorly balance diet lacking in vitamins and minerals
How does a lack of food affect wellbeing?
- Lead to illness
- Illness leads to inability to work
In which continent are most undernourished people concentrated?
Why is water such an important resource?
- Drinking (domestic)
- Irrigating crops (agriculture)
How does water affect wellbeing?
- Important for crop/food production
- Water for drinking/bathing
- Source of power
Why is there likely to be a water imbalance in the future?
Variations in climate and rainfall
What is 'water scarcity'?
A lack of a clean supply of water to meet demand
In HICs which sector uses the greatest proportion of water?
In LICs which sector uses the greatest proportioin of water?
Name a region with little or no water scarcity
Name a region with physical water scarcity?
Why is world energy consumption increasing?
Countries are developing leading to increased demand in industry, homes etc.
Which group of countries are seeing the fastest increase in the demand for energy?
Newly Emerging Economies (NEEs)
Why does the UK import so much food?
- Cheap from abroad
- UK produced food can be expensive
- UK climate unsuitable for some food types eg bananas
- Demand for seasonal produce all year
- Demand for more choice
What are food miles?
The distance travelled by food imported into the UK
What is a carbon footprint?
The measure of carbon dioxide produced by certain activities
How does food generate a carbon footprint?
- Producing, processing and packaging food releases CO2
- Food needs transporting which releases emissions
How is the UK tackling it's dependency on imported food and increasing air miles?
- Moving towards more agribusiness
- Producing more organic food
- Encouraging people to buy locally
What is food security?
Securing a reliable food supply by reducing dependence on imported food and growing more food in the UK
What is agribusiness?
A farming methods that involves large scale, intensive farming, including production of fertilizers, farming methods are managed by one big firm. The aim is to produce as much as possible.
What are the charactreristics of agribusinesses?
- High levels of investment
- Modern technology used
- Chemical fertilisers used
- Intensive production
What is organic produce?
Food grown without the use of chemicals (fertilizers and pesticides)
Lynford House Farm is an agribusiness in East Anglia.
What are its main features?
- Flat, intensively farmed land
- Makes use of the climate so grows wheat and potatoes
- Chemical pesticides and fertilisers used
- High number of machines
- Low staff numbers
- Has built a 54 million litre reservoir to store water
Riverford Organic Farm in Devon delivers boxes of vegetables to customers.
What are the advantages of schemes like this?
- Reduce food miles
- Support local economy i.e. farmers
- Provide jobs for local people
- Strong link between producer and consumer
Why will demand for water in the UK continue to increase?
- Increasing population
- More houses being built
- More water intensive appliances eg washing machines
What is meant by a 'water surplus'?
Where the supply of water exceeds demand
What is meant by a 'water deficit'?
Where the demand for water exceeds supply
Where in the UK is there a water surplus?
The north and west