Flashcards in The Constitution Deck (17):
What are the three levels of government?
Federal, State and Local
What does the federal government control?
Foreign policy, immigration, trade and commerce, airports and air safety, currency
What does the state government control?
Transport, health, education, state development, law and order, natural resources and environment
What does the local government control?
Maintenance of roads and footpaths, garbage collection, town planning, libraries, parks, gardens, swimming pools, infant and child care centres
What are the three arms of government?
Legislative, executive and judicial
What is the responsibility of the legislative arm?
Making, changing and repealing laws
What is the responsibility of the executive arm?
Putting the laws into action
What is the responsibility of the judicial arm?
Enforcing the law and settling disputes. They make sure the law is legal according to the constitution (court).
What are separation of powers?
The name given to the three arms of government
What are division of powers?
Name give to the three governments: Federal, state, local
What are residual powers?
Name given to the powers or responsibilities of state government.
What are specific powers?
Name given to the powers or responsibilities of federal government
When did the constitution come into play?
1st of January, 1901. When Australia became a federation.
Where was the original parliament and when was it moved to ACT?
Melbourne and 1927
What is the constitution?
A set of laws that have to be obeyed that doesn't allow larger states to have all the power.
What is a referendum?
A yes or no vote put to the people.