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Flashcards in The Constitution (Facts) Deck (29)
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1

Size of the USA

Over 3,000 miles (coast to coast)

2

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

4th July 1776

3

When was the US Constitution written?

1787

4

Article 1?

Powers of Congress

5

Article 2?

Powers of Executive (President)

6

Article 3?

Powers of judiciary

7

Article 4?

Federal-state and state-state relationships

8

Article 5?

Amendment procedures

9

Article 6?

Misc provisions like the supremacy clause

10

Article 7?

Ratification procedure of Constitution

11

How to amend constitution?

2/3 majority in both houses of congress and ratified by 3/4 of states
OR
2/3 of states call a National Constitutional Convention and 3/4 of the states hold conventions to ratify

12

How many votes on constitutional amendments in Bill Clinton's two terms? (1993-2001)

18 - unusually high as Republicans controlled Congress for 6 years

13

Important Amendments: 1st?

Freedom of religion, speech, press and assembly

14

Important Amendments: 2nd?

Right to keep and bear arms (in a well-organised militia)

15

Important Amendments: 4th?

Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures

16

Important Amendments: 8th?

Prohibits cruel and unusual punishments

17

Important Amendments: 13th?

Prohibits slavery

18

Important Amendments: 16th?

Federal government authorised to impose income tax

19

Important Amendments: 22nd?

Two term limit for President

20

Which court case established judicial review?

Marbury vs Madison (1803)

21

Checks by Executive on Legislature?

Recommends legislation (SOTU Address) and veto legislation

22

Checks by Executive on Judiciary?

Appointment of judges, pardon

23

Checks by Judiciary on Legislature and Executive?

Judicial review

24

Checks by Legislature on Executive?

amend/delay/reject legislation, override veto, ratify treaties, confirm appointments, impeachement

25

Checks by Legislature on Judiciary?

Impeachment, propose constitutional amendments

26

Example of congress blocking legislation

Obama's job creation legislation (2011)

27

When was Bill Clinton impeached?

Twice in 1998 for perjury and obstruction of justice. Senate found him not guilty both times

28

Examples of successful judicial review

1998: Clinton vs New York City - Line Item Veto Act judged to be unconstitutional (Legislature)
1974: United States vs Richard Nixon - ordered Nixon to hand over White House tapes (Executive)

29

Examples of federal government growing in power

No Child Left Behind Act (2002), US PATRIOT Act (2001), Affordable Care Act "Obamacare" (2010)