The Presidency (Definitions) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Presidency (Definitions) Deck (21)
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1

State of the Union Adress

President lays out legislative agenda for the year in a joint session of Congress

2

Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

Part of President's bureaucracy, draws up annual federal budget

3

Executive Office of the President (EXOP)

Top staff agencies in the White House that help the President carry out duties of office. Functions of advice, co-ordination and administrative support

4

Chief Executive

Role of the President. Means he is in charge of the entire executive branch and has final say over any decisions

5

Commander in Chief

President's role as head of the armed forces, which allows him to deploy ground troops and order air strikes without congressional approval

6

Head of State

Power of President to be spokesperson for the nation in foreign policy and be the figurehead for foreign state visits

7

Acting President

Power assumed by Vice President when the President is declared or declares himself disabled

8

Federal Bureaucracy

Unelected, administrative strand of Executive branch. Made up of departments, agencies and commissions that carry out policy on a day to day basis

9

Office of Personnel Management

Manages all the people in the federal bureaucracy, ensuring they are selected on merit rather than political persuasion

10

Spoils system

Where jobs in the federal bureaucracy are given to political supporters of the President rather than on merit

11

'Going native'

Political appointees cease to be advocates for the President and instead promote their agency

12

The Cabinet

Heads of Executive departments selected by the President to aid him in decision making and implementation of policy

13

Cabinet Councils

Sub-cabinets that are responsible for a specific policy area. Fewer members, so more efficient than full cabinet

14

Singular Executive

All Executive power is vested in President, departments merely help him manage the workload

15

White House Office

One of the 10 offices that make up EXOP. Includes President's most trusted and closest aides. Has 16 sub-offices

16

White House Chief of Staff

Most important member of federal bureaucracy; important policy adviser and safety net for President

17

National Security Council

Established in 1947 to help the President coordinate foreign, security and defence policy

18

Presidential persuasion

President offers incentives and punishments to Congress in order to pass his proposed legislation

19

The Partisan Presidency

Theory that President's are increasingly dogmatic in following the party line and unwilling to co-operate with the other party

20

The Imperial Presidency

Presidency characterised by misuse and abuse of power, with use of excessive secrecy. Used by most Presidents from FDR up until Nixon

21

The post-imperial Presidency

Greater role of oversight from Congress, where the President is confined to roles set out in Constitution