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Flashcards in The Presidency (Facts) Deck (34)
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1

Obama's flagship legislation?

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010)

2

Example of President deploying troops through Commander in Chief role?

Kennedy in Cuban Missile Crisis 1962

3

Example of Presidential Pardon

Obama to Chelsea Manning 2017

4

Powers of Vice President

Presiding officer of Senate; break tied vote in Senate; count and announce results of Presidential elections; be acting president

5

Acting Presidents?

George H. W. Bush (13th July 1985); Dick Cheney (29th June 2002/ 21 July 2007)

6

Features of Cheney's Vice Presidency (2001-2009)

Interviewed and suggested supreme court replacement for Reinquist in 2005; was in situation room after 9/11 whilst Bush was in Florida; ordered air strikes on 5th plane of 9/11

7

Features of Biden's Vice Presidency (2009-2017)

Always last man in room with Obama; mediator to Congress for 2009 economic stimulus package; drew up gun control measures after 2012 Conneticut shooting

8

What percentage of federal civil servants work in the Washington area?

11%

9

Example of how federal bureaucracy executes laws?

United States Postal Service - delivers mail
Internal Revenue Service - collects taxes

10

What did the Civil Service Reform Act (1978) do?

Established Office of Personal Management (OPM)

11

How many political appointees did Kennedy have to make in 1961 and Clinton in 1993?

Kennedy: 451
Clinton: 2000

12

Percentage of civil service that was female in 1961 and in 2010?

1961: 25%
2010: 44%

13

What percentage of the federal civil service is made up of disabled war veterans?

21%

14

What percentage of federal civil service are ethnic minorities?

33.1%

15

Example of federal bureaucracy inefficiency

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) responses to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005

16

Policy specialists in cabinet

Education Secretary Rod Paige (2001-2005) had been a schools superintendent for 6 years; Secretary of HUD Shaun Donovan (2009-2014) had been a housing commissioner

17

Rejected cabinet nomination by Senate

John Tower as defense secretary in 1989 (47-53)

18

Confirmed cabinet nomination by Senate

Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State in 2017 (56-43)

19

How many ethnic minorities were in Obama's 2009 cabinet?

6 (including Holder in Justice)

20

How many ethnic minorities in Trump's 2017 cabinet?

2 (Labor and HUD)

21

How many women in both Obama's 2009 cabinet and Trump's 2017 cabinet?

4 in each

22

Number of cabinet meetings in first year of first term: Reagan vs Obama?

Reagan: 36
Obama: 5

23

Examples of policy-specific cabinet councils

National Economic Council; Domestic Policy Council; National Security Council

24

Why can the heads of departments be said to have no real power?

Article 2 of the Constitution vests 'all executive power' in the President

25

Structure of Executive Office of President (EXOP)

11 Offices
Over 2,000 staff

26

How many offices in the White House Office?

19

27

Chiefs of Staff who were too powerful

Sherman Adams (Eisenhower), Don Regan (Reagan), John Sununu (H.W. Bush)

28

Well-balanced Chiefs of Staff

Leon Panetta (Clinton) and Andrew Card (W. Bush)

29

Example of EXOP and Cabinet disagreement

Carter's National Security Adviser Brzezinski and Secretary of State Vance about a rescue mission of 52 American hostages in Iran 1980

30

Bush legislation support score 2001 (Republican congress) vs 2007 (Democrat congress)

2001: 87%
2007: 38.3%