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Flashcards in The European Union Deck (12)
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What is an MFF?

A multi-annual financial framework that the EU sets every 7 years that set out the overall direction of the EU's spending.


How much, on average, is the EU's annual budget?

Somewhere in the region of €140billion


How much of the EU's annual budget is spent on operating expenses? (Staff wages, for instance)



Which body independently scrutinizes the EU's budget?

The European Court of Auditors


How much is the current MFF from 2014 to 2020?

€960 billion


Where does the EU's revenue come from?

1. Each of the 28 member states gives a fixed percentage of their national income.
2. Customs duties on imports from outside the EU.
3. Each of the 28 member states gives a percentage of their VAT.


How much is the EU's current deficit?

TRICK QUESTION! The EU is not allowed to operate a deficit, so it's spending may not exceed it's revenue.


What limit does the EU's annual budget have to adhere to?

It may not exceed 1.23% of all of the wealth produced each year by the 28 member states combined.


How many EU citizens have lived or worked in another member state?

Only 10% according to a Eurobarometer study


How much does the CAP cost the EU?

It will cost €435 billion over the current 2014-2020 MFF: representing 37% of the EU's budget: it's largest expenditure. Despite this huge cost it has actually decreased: in 1984 it represented 71% of the ENTIRE EU BUDGET.


By how much has the single market increased inter-EU trade?

From £800 billion in 1992 to £2800 billion in 2012


Why has the issue of Labour mobility within the UK been so controversial?

* Key 'freedom' of the 1987 Single European Act: enhanced by the Schengen area- especially controversial following enlargements in 2004 and 2007. A key argument for 'Brexit'

1. BRAIN DRAIN of workers from poor countries to rich ones: the average salary in the UK is £2337, in Poland it is £756 per month!
2. Greater competition of jobs, suppression of wages, especially in unskilled jobs- lead to then rise of "British jobs for British workers"
3. Pressure on public services- Nigel Farrage's campaign about 'health tourism'- although, it is worth nothing that 26% of NHS doctors were NOT born in the UK: so would the NHS survive without EU migrants?
4. Alleged rise in crime- 130
people died as a result of the November attacks in Paris: the perpetrators entered France through Greece pretending to be refugees. The free movement facilitates terrorism.
5. Impact of multiculturalism in working class communities: documentary "The last whites in the East End"- destroying cockney way of life.