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Flashcards in The High Middle Ages Deck (19)
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1

What were Pope innocent lll’s ideas of mankind

Believed man was formed of dust, conceived in the desire of the flesh, born to labour, to fear, and die

2

The 4th Lateran Council (1215)

-Church did not shed blood (no more trial by ordeal)
-separate canon law from secular law
-clerical celibacy declared
-Confession and Eucharist mandatory
-Crusades were Holy wars

3

Salvation through sacraments

-original sin( Adam and Eve)
Sacraments can’t be broken
1. Baptism
2. Confirmation
3. Eucharist
4. Penance
5. Extreme unction (anointing sick)
6. Ordination
7. Marriage

4

Dante Alighieri

Wrote the divine comedy which takes place on a voyage through Hell, purgatory and paradise and stops at Limbo

5

Geoffrey Chaucer

The Canterbury Tales

The wife of Bath proclaims that if women could write books men would get a terrible rep

6

Specialization moved from wool to...

Cloth

7

The new economy (urban)

Banks (Banco) with interest (simony). Often bank owners were Jews because Christians couldn’t charge interest and Jews were restricted in other careers.

8

Sumptuary Laws

Laws to legislate the consumption of foods and clothing to maintain social rank. Helped protect Patricians from richer Patricians.

-food, clothing, #of coats, #of people In wedding party

9

French, English and Spanish politics

France- Royal Justice And Parlement (High Judicial Court)
England- Magna Carta (1215) compromise between king and nobles. And parliaments (assemblies)
Spain- Las Siete Partidas (own Magna Carta) (Alfonso x and Cortes(courts))

10

Heresy

Opinions contrary to Church doctrine

11

Two enemies of the church

Waldenisans- followers of Walden’s in France who believed in poverty, no purgatory, no prayers for dead, women and men can preach.
Cathars- Albigensians from Albi in France who believed in poverty, purity, anti-marriage and procreation.(mass massacre)

12

Avignon Papacy

(Babylonian captivity)

Pope not in Rome, but in Avignon, due to current political conditions

13

Hundred Years’ War

1330-1453 France And England fight over land the Normans had conquered

14

Famine

Droughts, poor harvests, extremes in seasonal weather

15

Plague

The Black Death (1347)

Rodents on fleas from trade
Painful swellings, haemorrhages, 50% pop died in certain regions

16

Magna Carta

Signed in 1215 is a charter from the king to uphold traditional liberties of church and city of London, and maintain justice throughout realm, no one deprived of real property.

17

Ordeals

A practice to put two people through harsh conditions such as hand in boiling water or carrying hot iron rods to determine the guilty party.

18

Thomas Aquinas

Italian Dominican who studied and taught theology in Paris

-assumed negative and then disproved it to build formal argument against heretics with coherent doctrine

19

Mongols

Nomadic horsemen from Asia who damaged Christian kingdoms