From classical To hellenistic Greece Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in From classical To hellenistic Greece Deck (40)
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1

3 types of structures came from this period what where they?

Agora- open space with Columns around
Gym
Theatre

2

While Greek culture spreads, Egyptians, Jews and Mesopotamian kept what?

Religious beliefs

3

Socrates

Taught orally only!
Plato wrote down his words

4

Plato

Created institution for study 380’s BCE outside Athens (academy)
Believed universe as the shadows of the true world of forms

Math good!

5

Ideal realm

Humans ethically required to pursue truth

6

Aristotle

Moved to Athens to study under plato
Favoured empirical study (evidence) while plato liked debate
Didn’t agree with separate world theory
Founded school in the Lyceum (public place outside Athens)

7

Politics by Aristotle fell into what categories

3 good: democracy, aristocracy, and monarchy

3 bad: ochlocracy (mob), oligarchy (small group), tyranny (cruel)

8

After city states shifted power back and forth alliances formed with Athens for what purpose in 390’s?

Alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia to defeat Sparta, but we’re defeated.

Sparta dominant!

9

Where is Macedonia located

North of Greece

10

Why was Macedonia so great

Resources!!

Mineral wealth

Superior warrior nation

Greek language and god’s

11

Phillip the second military tactic

Infantry fought in phalanx formation (men in rows with long spears) then Calvary behind.

12

Phillip the second defeated who?

Athens and Thebes in 338

13

Who was Alexander the Great

Son of Phillip the second
Ruled for 12 years
Established 20 Greek cities called Alexandria
Ruled Mediterranean and Western Asia

14

What wars did Alexander fight

Battled Persia (king Darius 3 makes peace but is rejected) at Grancius, Issus (peace attempt) and Guagameta

Conquered Babylon and Susa and Persian capital Persepolis and took $1 trillion

15

In 323 Alexander dies of

Disease

16

Who did Alexander Marry

Darius’ daughter Barsine in Susa and Roxanna

17

Hellenistic meaning

Time in which Greek language and culture spread

18

After Alexander’s death what 3 states succeeded and who were their rulers viewed as?

Ptolemies (Egypt-Palestine) -Pharaohs
Seleucids (turkey, Mesopotamia, Afghan, India)- Gods
Antigonids (Macedonia, Greece) -Monarchy

19

All the new states were ruled by

Monarchies and hierarchies

20

What other 2 lesser known states were there

Attalids (until 133 BCE, it was given to Rome)

Pergamum

21

The ptolemies felt with subjects in what two languages

Greek and Egyptian

(Rosetta Stone 196 BCE)

22

Which state inherited largest portion and employed natives in the army and encouraged intermarriage?

seleucids

23

Which state had strongest army?

Antigonids

24

5e new Greek cities modled what and how?

Greek architecture and culture (temples and columns)
-one agora for trade and one for public assembly

25

What was the idea behind benefactors and soft power

People who did good to improve cities for recognition

One should not crush another’s culture

Allowed Hellenistic rulers to hold their power

26

Lives of slaves

We’re property and registered
Helped economy and at times given freedom

27

Women’s role in Hellenistic society

More freedom than before due to Macedonian laws. Some became poets, artists, etc.
Queens had property for making shrines and gave dowry money to poor women

28

Library of Alexandria

Built by ptolemies
Tried to assemble all Greek literature
They got 700 000 scrolls

29

Ptolemic festival

Every 4 years to honour Olympic Gods
Large parade with huge statues

30

How was education viewed in Hellenistic Greece?

Very important, homers Iliad became a household name