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Flashcards in The Korean War Homework Deck (11)
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1

1. The event that triggered U.S. military action in Korea in 1950 was
A) the invasion of South Korea by troops from Communist North Korea.
B) Mao Zedong's sending Chinese troops to North Korea.
C) President Truman's firing of General MacArthur.
D) Joseph Stalin's ordering the North Koreans to attack and capture Seoul.

A) the invasion of South Korea by troops from Communist North Korea.

2

2. The Korean War contributed significantly to
A) a reduction in cold war tension around the globe.
B) a decrease in U.S. military spending in 1953.
C) an increase in U.S. defense spending.
D) a lessening of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia.


C) an increase in U.S. defense spending.

3

3. The Korean War
a. was a decisive victory for the United States.
b. was a decisive victory for the North Koreans.
c. demonstrated the strength of the United Nations.
d. ended in a stalemate.
e. highlighted the limited nature of the Cold War.

d. ended in a stalemate.

4

4. Which statement about the Korean conflict is false?
a. The United Nations authorized the use of forces to repel the North Koreans.
b. Chinese troops threatened to enter the conflict, but never did.
c. General MacArthur argued for an invasion of China and for the use of nuclear weapons.
d. Truman removed General MacArthur from his command when he publicly criticized Truman.
e. The war ended in a cease fire, not with a formal peace treaty.

b. Chinese troops threatened to enter the conflict, but never did.

5

5. The immediate cause of the Korean War, in 1950, was the
A. decision by the United States to send troops to South Korea.
B. triumph of communism in China.
C. military invasion by North Korea into South Korea.
D. division of Korea into northern and southern halves.
E. military invasion of North Korea by China.

C. military invasion by North Korea into South Korea.

6

6. All of the following statements regarding Korea are true EXCEPT that
A. in 1945, both the United States and the Soviet Union had troops in Korea.
B. the Soviet Union established a communist government in the north.
C. the United States left Korea in 1946.
D. the Soviet Union left Korea in 1949.
E. the country was divided along the 38th parallel.

C. the United States left Korea in 1946.

7

7. The government of Syngman Rhee in Korea after World War II
A. was pro-Western.
B. had a powerful military.
C. was supported by the Soviet Union.
D. was backed by communists in China.
E. was remarkably democratic.

A. was pro-Western.

8

8. The Truman administration responded in 1950 to the onset of fighting in Korea by
A. declaring war on North Korea.
B. calling on the United Nations to intervene.
C. warning China not to intervene.
D. threatening the use of atomic weapons.
E. telling South Korea to stand down.

B. calling on the United Nations to intervene.

9

9. The American invasion at Inchon during the Korean War
A. was aimed at preventing Chinese communists from entering the war.
B. was a military debacle.
C. led to a fight between General Douglas MacArthur and President Harry Truman.
D. prompted General Douglas MacArthur to try to push communists out of North Korea.
E. was ultimately thwarted due to the surprise intervention of the Chinese navy.

D. prompted General Douglas MacArthur to try to push communists out of North Korea.

10

10. In 1951, President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur of command because MacArthur
A. publicly stated that an invasion of China would be a military disaster.
B. publicly called for the bombing of China.
C. refused to support Truman’s plan to use atomic weapons in Korea.
D. both publicly criticized Truman’s policy in Korea and refused to support Truman’s plan to use atomic weapons in Korea.
E. None of these answers is correct.

B. publicly called for the bombing of China.

11

11. The initial response by the American public to the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur was
A. anger at the United Nations.
B. criticism of MacArthur.
C. relief that nuclear war had been avoided.
D. anger at China.
E. criticism of President Truman.

E. criticism of President Truman.