Flashcards in The legal, economic, sustainable and social case for making inclusion the norm not the exception Deck (20)
Despite the legislation, why should you consider inclusive design?
A successful inclusive environment should go beyond the ‘rules’
Inclusive design acknowledges diversity and difference
Requires a HOLISTIC approach including current legislation and real-life user experience
What is the relevant Legislation for inclusion?
Equality Act 2010
Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED)
What is the Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED)?
Duty on public authorities to consider how their facilities / services affect people protected under the Equality Act
Applies to public authorities only
What is the Equality Act (2010)?
KEY legislation relating to equality and accessibility in the UK
Sets out ways which it is unlawful to treat someone
Legally protects people from discrimination in workplace and in wider society
Includes equal pay
Obliges service providers and employers to consider barriers created by physical features in their buildings
Act requires that reasonable adjustments are made when providing access to goods, facilities, services and premises
Which acts did the Equality Act (2010) replace?
The Sex Discrimination Act
The Race Relations Act
The Disability Discrimination Act
What are the NINE “protected characteristics"?
Marriage and civil partnership
What is the Equality Act 2010 reasonable adjustments?
Act contains duty and requirement for provision of reasonable adjustments in relation to DISABILITY
When Act first brought in, triggered retrofitting of many existing environments to provide better access e.g. Tate Britain
Do private organisations and individuals have duties under the Equality Act 2010?
Yes - most organisations and individuals providing goods / services have duties under the Equality Act, from smallest corner shop to largest public buildings
How is the legislation enforced?
Enforcement of Act = primarily by individuals who are protected by the Act
If enforced, can lead to compensation and a court injunction to make substantial alterations to building / other environment
What building adjustments could be made?
Structure of a building such as the steps, changes of levels, emergency exists or narrow doorways
Gentle incline to the entrance = more usable for elderly, those with poor sight, people with prams, and people with bicycles
Handrails for disabled people
Avoiding heavy doors inaccessible toilets / inappropriate lighting
Installing suitable toilet facilities, either specially designed cubicles in separate-sex bathrooms or a self-contained unisex toilet
Sufficient turning circles for wheelchair users and wide enough corridors
Access to quality public space and green space is linked to better health, longer life, greater ability to concentrate
Is inclusive design more expensive and does it mean longer project timescales?
This is a myth. Whilst certain changes may cost more, if considered from outset, can reduce cost and future risk
Am I able to incorporate inclusive design into an existing building?
Consultation and testing during construction can help to resolve issues + continuous feedback by users
What are the social and economic challenges for inclusive environments?
Recent years, UK = rising inequality: rich get richer, poor get poorer
Environments in which people live, work and play e.g. inaccessible facilities, rural isolation, threatening and poorly managed parks, dilapidated estates, and overcrowded / badly insulated housing
Polarisation can increase feelings of exclusion
How is economic inequality present in today's society?
Results from substantial differences in people’s incomes and ‘wealth’
Top 1% of UKs richest own over 10% UK wealth and money
What should be considered with social cohesion?
Consider mix of communities of faith, class and race, between affluence and poverty and between generations
Gentrification = potential issue
Gentrification can improve the quality of neighbourhood, while also forcing relocation of current, established residents and businesses
How is an ageing population present in today's society?
The UK’s population is getting older; 2024, more than 1 in 4 of us will be over 60
The Housing our Ageing Population: Panel for Innovation (HAPPI) identified benefits from developing good quality housing for older people, including reduction in health and social care costs and freeing up much-needed family housing
What are the current health inequalities in today's society?
Physical inactivity = responsible for 1 in 6 UK deaths
Behaviour patterns = responsible for 40% of the cause of premature death in the UK
The built environment = now recognised to be a major contributor to preventable disease
Growing evidence demonstrating how design of buildings, streets, parks and neighbourhoods can support good physical and mental health, help reduce health inequalities and improve people’s wellbeing via shared street space for bikes and pedestrians over vehicles, safe cycle routes and parking
What are the benefits of inclusive design?
o Reducing social inequality
o Providing a positive public image
o Enhancing built environment professionl's reputation
o Attracting a wider range of potential users
o Reduced effort and spend on later adaptations
o Improved economic development
o Attracting a wide range of age groups
What are the economic reasons for inclusive design?
Disabled people account for 20% of customer base of the average UK business
Facilitating access for all people has large economic benefit for the occupier
Women’s Royal Voluntary Service predicts that after deduction of pension, welfare and healthcare costs, older people make a net contribution to the UK economy of £40 billion