The legal, economic, sustainable and social case for making inclusion the norm not the exception Flashcards Preview

Inclusive Environments > The legal, economic, sustainable and social case for making inclusion the norm not the exception > Flashcards

Flashcards in The legal, economic, sustainable and social case for making inclusion the norm not the exception Deck (20)
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Despite the legislation, why should you consider inclusive design?

A successful inclusive environment should go beyond the ‘rules’

Inclusive design acknowledges diversity and difference

Requires a HOLISTIC approach including current legislation and real-life user experience


What is the relevant Legislation for inclusion?

Equality Act 2010

Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED)


What is the Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED)?

Duty on public authorities to consider how their facilities / services affect people protected under the Equality Act

Applies to public authorities only


What is the Equality Act (2010)?

KEY legislation relating to equality and accessibility in the UK

Sets out ways which it is unlawful to treat someone

Legally protects people from discrimination in workplace and in wider society

Includes equal pay

Obliges service providers and employers to consider barriers created by physical features in their buildings

Act requires that reasonable adjustments are made when providing access to goods, facilities, services and premises


Which acts did the Equality Act (2010) replace?

The Sex Discrimination Act

The Race Relations Act

The Disability Discrimination Act


What are the NINE “protected characteristics"?

 Age
 Disability
 Gender reassignment
 Marriage and civil partnership
 Pregnancy
 Race
 Religion
 Sex
 Sexual orientation


What is the Equality Act 2010 reasonable adjustments?

Act contains duty and requirement for provision of reasonable adjustments in relation to DISABILITY

When Act first brought in, triggered retrofitting of many existing environments to provide better access e.g. Tate Britain


Do private organisations and individuals have duties under the Equality Act 2010?

Yes - most organisations and individuals providing goods / services have duties under the Equality Act, from smallest corner shop to largest public buildings


How is the legislation enforced?

Enforcement of Act = primarily by individuals who are protected by the Act

If enforced, can lead to compensation and a court injunction to make substantial alterations to building / other environment


What building adjustments could be made?

Structure of a building such as the steps, changes of levels, emergency exists or narrow doorways

Gentle incline to the entrance = more usable for elderly, those with poor sight, people with prams, and people with bicycles

Handrails for disabled people

Avoiding heavy doors inaccessible toilets / inappropriate lighting

Installing suitable toilet facilities, either specially designed cubicles in separate-sex bathrooms or a self-contained unisex toilet

Sufficient turning circles for wheelchair users and wide enough corridors

Access to quality public space and green space is linked to better health, longer life, greater ability to concentrate


Is inclusive design more expensive and does it mean longer project timescales?

This is a myth. Whilst certain changes may cost more, if considered from outset, can reduce cost and future risk


Am I able to incorporate inclusive design into an existing building?

Consultation and testing during construction can help to resolve issues + continuous feedback by users


What are the social and economic challenges for inclusive environments?

Recent years, UK = rising inequality: rich get richer, poor get poorer

Environments in which people live, work and play e.g. inaccessible facilities, rural isolation, threatening and poorly managed parks, dilapidated estates, and overcrowded / badly insulated housing

Polarisation can increase feelings of exclusion


How is economic inequality present in today's society?

Results from substantial differences in people’s incomes and ‘wealth’

Top 1% of UKs richest own over 10% UK wealth and money


What should be considered with social cohesion?

Consider mix of communities of faith, class and race, between affluence and poverty and between generations

Gentrification = potential issue

Gentrification can improve the quality of neighbourhood, while also forcing relocation of current, established residents and businesses


How is an ageing population present in today's society?

The UK’s population is getting older; 2024, more than 1 in 4 of us will be over 60

The Housing our Ageing Population: Panel for Innovation (HAPPI) identified benefits from developing good quality housing for older people, including reduction in health and social care costs and freeing up much-needed family housing


What are the current health inequalities in today's society?

Physical inactivity = responsible for 1 in 6 UK deaths

Behaviour patterns = responsible for 40% of the cause of premature death in the UK

The built environment = now recognised to be a major contributor to preventable disease

Growing evidence demonstrating how design of buildings, streets, parks and neighbourhoods can support good physical and mental health, help reduce health inequalities and improve people’s wellbeing via shared street space for bikes and pedestrians over vehicles, safe cycle routes and parking


What are the benefits of inclusive design?

o Reducing social inequality
o Providing a positive public image
o Enhancing built environment professionl's reputation
o Attracting a wider range of potential users
o Reduced effort and spend on later adaptations
o Improved economic development
o Attracting a wide range of age groups


What are the economic reasons for inclusive design?

Disabled people account for 20% of customer base of the average UK business

Facilitating access for all people has large economic benefit for the occupier

Women’s Royal Voluntary Service predicts that after deduction of pension, welfare and healthcare costs, older people make a net contribution to the UK economy of £40 billion


What are the THREE main considerations that PSED require authorities to implement?

Eliminate unlawful discrimination

Advance equality of opportunity for all

Foster / encourage good relations between people who share a protected characteristic and those who don’t