The Main Features of Organisms in Each Kingdom Flashcards Preview

F5 Biology C8: Biodiversity > The Main Features of Organisms in Each Kingdom > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Main Features of Organisms in Each Kingdom Deck (14)
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1

State the 6 kingdoms

- archaebacteria
- eubacteria
- protista
- animalia
- plantae
- fungi

2

State the characteristics of archaebacteria
- Unicellular or multicellular ?
- prokaryote or eukaryote?
- what bacteria are they?

- unicellular bacteria
- prokaryotic
- primitive bacteria

3

How many groups can we classify archaebacteria? Name the groups.

- Thermophlie: Optimum temperature of 60-80
: Hot spring and acidic conditions
- Halophile : High salt concentration
- Methanogen: Found in swamps and digestive tract
: Produce methane as metabolic byproduct

4

What condition can archaebacteria live in? State 3 conditions?

- Salty
- high acidity
- anaerobic environment

5

What are the characteristics of eubacteria?
- Unicellular or multicellular
- prokaryotic or eukaryotic
- what bacteria are they?

- Unicellular bacteria
- prokaryotic
- they are "True" bacteria

6

What is the difference between eubacteria and archaebacteria?
- do they have cell walls?

- Eubacteria has cell wall made up of peptidoglycan
- Eubacteria's cytoplasm contain ribosomes and plasmids

7

State the characteristics of protista (4)

- eukaryotic
- unicellular and multicellular
- heterotroph or autotroph or both

8

How many groups can we classify protista?

3 pas
- protozoa : Euglena
- algae : Spirogya
- slime mould ; physarum

9

Name the examples of fungi

mushroom, yeast

10

What is the differences between fungi and plantae ?

- Fungi has cell wall made from chitin ; plantae has cell wall made from cellulose

11

List down 4 characteristics of a yeast

- eukaryote
- unicellular or multicellular
- heterotroph
- chitin
- body made up of mycelium

12

Are plantae prokaryotes or eukaryotes?

Eukaryotes

13

How do plantae reproduce?

- sexual or asexual reproduction

14

State the characteristics or animalia

- heterotrophs
- sexually reproduced