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Reviewer: History of Landscape Architecture > The Modern World Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Modern World Terms Deck (28):
0

Referring to rural, especially to agricultural land, lifestyle, economy, etc.

Agrarian

1

A plot of land where trees or shrubs are grown for scientific or educational study either individually or groupings

Arboretum

2

Pastoral, bucolic, rural, rustic; simple or innocent; often used in reference to the English school of landscape designers of the 18th century and the American movement of the 19th century

Arcadian

3

An exterior wall around an open area or enclosed courtyard of a fortified castle during the middle ages

Bailey

4

A rectangular or cylindrical vertical post, column, or pilaster which supports a handrail or coping

Baluster

5

A term applied to a wall with a slight inward slope to its face

Batter

6

As part of a fortress or fortified town wall; a parapet wall with continuous series of indentions or openings between

Battlement

7

The higher sections of the parapet wall or battlement

Merlons

8

The openings of a parapet wall that provided shooting positions for defenders

Crenels

9

A horizontal mound of earth; an embankment

Berm

10

In highway or landscape construction, this term is applied to the ridge of earth at the top of a slope to divert the flow of surface runoff water and prevent erosion of the slope

Berm

11

The appropriation, or taking advantage, of desirable views or scenery that are visible from one's own property but, are in fact, outside one's ownership

Borrowed Scenery

12

A leafy shelter; an arbor

Bower

13

A Victorian, 19th-century style popular in England and borrowed elsewhere with bedding plants arranged in geometric patterns within a grass lawn; typically, composed of annual plants, which were alternated inti the scheme based in their time of bloom

Carpet Bedding

14

The normal maximum number of organisms that an area can support; generally expressed in terms of population per acre or per square mile for larger organisms; per square foot or per square cubic foot for microorganisms and soil organisms; dependent on the least abundant limiting factor of the environment

Carrying Capacity

15

A structure that is built like a castle or fortress with turrets and battlements

Castellated

16

A small underground reservoir or pump in an engineered storm drainage system where surface water enters the underground portions of the system either by gravity or pumping

Catch Basin

17

The upper window level in a building, rising above adjacent roofs of the other parts, such as the aisles in a church

Clerestory

18

An open place for public assembly in an urban area

Common (Agora, Green/Square, Piazza, Plaza)

19

The practice of selecting from various sources, usually in order to form a new system or style of design; combining historical styles of various types

Eclecticism

20

A self-sustaining community of organisms plus their inorganic environment; must have an adequate resource of chemical nutrients, energy, and a balanced population of organisms

Ecosystem

21

Organisms tied together in interlocking food chains (4 Types)

Energy Accumulators (Chlorophyll Plants)
Primary Consumers (Fungi, Microorganisms, Herbivores)
Second-order Consumers (Carnivorous Predators, Parasites, Scavengers)
Decomposers (Bacteria, Fungi, etc.)

22

The science that deals with the interrelationships between organisms and their environment; study of the home

Ecology

23

Greek word where Ecology came from

Oikos (house)

24

In the English Romantic landscape garden, a feature in the scene that is intended to attract the attention of the viewer; a focal element

Eye-catcher

25

A structure built solely for decorative effect in the landscape garden of the 18th century

Folly

26

Having a garden-like qualities; being like a designed garden

Gardenesque

27

Italian for "English garden," particularly those developed in the naturalistic landscape garden style as popularized by the English in the 18th century

Giardino ingles