The Sonnet Flashcards Preview

Intro To Poetry > The Sonnet > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Sonnet Deck (19):
1

How many lines, usually

14
Iambic

2

There are two kinds with very different

Histories
Petrarchan
Shakespearean

3

Petrarchan sonnet is of what origin
Has an octave of
And a sestet of
Rhyme scheme of octave
Rhyme scheme of sestet

Italian
8 lines
6 lines
Ababcdcd
Cde cde

4

The Shakespeare sonnet was developed in
And has far more

England
Than just surface differences from the Petrarchan

5

He rhyme scheme of the Shakespearean sonnet is
The is no
What is the defining feature

Ababcdcdefefgg
Octave/sestet structure to it
Final couplet

6

Sonnets origins are in
It lingered there for ? Before ?

Small sunlit courts of Sicily
200 years/ English poetry

7

The wildfire and historic development of the form began when ?

Francesco petrarca who lived in Tuscany and was born in 1304 published canzoniere

8

What is the canzoniere

A sequence of 366 poems 317 of which were sonnets to an idealized lover called Laura

9

Petrarch has been influenced by

Dante

10

Canzoniere became a ? Why?
By the time of Petrarcha death in 1374 his circle of influence included

European bestseller
Wit yearning and and ability to make a narrative out of a necklace of short poems
Chaucer and Boccaccio

11

It was the ? Who developed one of the features of the sonnet that survives to the present day

Italian originators
The octave and sestet division one strong opening statement of 8 lines is followed by a resolution to the emotional or intellectual question of the first part of the poem

12

This shape made the sonnet a ? Open to shades of

Self sufficient form
Mood and tone

13

This degree of close and repetitive rhyme in turn reflected the

Rich resources of Italian rhyme

14

When the sonnet came to England it fell into hands of
A doomed and one of its first? Who

Thomas Wyatt
Master
Champions there
Adapted it to his own uses and talents : he used the Petrarchan octave but introduced a rhyming couplet at the end

15

His contemporary and friend ?
Also

Earl of surrey
Introduced more rhymes into it

16

In Italian there were only
After Wyatt and surrey the sonnet could have a change that ?

5 rhymes
7
Benefited practitioners in a language with less abundant rhymes than Italian

17

Wyatt and surrey sonnets have a new
By Shakespeare’s time the couplet was often

Resonance to the ending through the often declamatory couplet
The loudest most powerful part of the sonnet

18

On one hand the Shakespearean sonnet

Three quatrains and final couplet which allowed fairly free association of images to develop lyrically toward a conclusion

19

On the other had a Petrarchan sonnet

Milton used it in on his blindness
With all the dignity of proposal and response