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Flashcards in Villanelle Deck (10):

It is a poem of how many lines
How many stanzas each of how many lines and ?

5/3/ final of four lines


The first line of the first stanza is repeated as

The third line of the first stanza is repeated as

These two refrain lines ?

The last line of the second and fourth stanzas

The last line of the third and fifth stanzas

Follow each other to become the second to last and last lines of the poem


The rhyme scheme is

The rhymes are repeated according to the refrains


What is it’s origin
Came from ? Thought to derive from

Italian harvest field
Italian rustic song
Villanella vilano Italian word for peasant or villa the Latin word for country house or farm


It was a ... song
What does this mean
May have taken first long lost shape as an ?
Does an actual trace remain ?
By the time the villanelle emerges into poetic history it does so as

Sung in repetitive words and refrain
French poem with pastoral themes


Form we know today began with the work of
Who was he
When he died in ? He left behind several poems one was about ?

French poet Jean Passerat
Popular politically engaged writer in 16th century France
1602: lost turtle dove: a disguised love song


What status did the turtle dove poem reach
The form defined itself through
This poem established the ? In both

Popular song status
Contact with an audience
Pattern for all future villanelles both in French and English


The intricate metrical pattern is set off by intricate
The rhyme scheme is what for how many lines and these rhymes reappear to

Aba for first three lines
Match and catch the refrains


The third line of the first stanza rhymes with the

Third line of the fourth stanza and so on


In 1870s in England ?
Swinburne wrote an ?
This was followed by an interest in
Oscar Wilde’s villanelle was written in ?

French poetry became an object of interest and admiration
Elegy for Baudelaire
The forms of French Verde and several poets of the time including Henley and Oscar Wilde took it up
1891 and though stiff and ornamental shows the form ready to be launched into the 20th century