The Technology and Information Function Flashcards Preview

CIMA E1 > The Technology and Information Function > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Technology and Information Function Deck (16):
1

What purposes do organisations require information?

Recording Transactions
Decision Making
Planning
Performance measurement
Control

2

What is the process of turning data into information

Data Collection
Data evaluation
Data Analysis
Interpretation
Reporting

3

What qualities should information have? ACCURATE

Accurate
Complete
Cost Effective
Understandable
Relevant
Accessible
Timely
Easy to Use

4

What are the different types of Information Systems?

Transaction processing system
Office Automation System
Management Information System
Executive Information System
Decision Support System
Expert syatem
Knowledge Work System

5

Define: Database

Collection of data organised to service many applications. The Database provide convenient access to data for a wide variety of users

6

Define: DMS

Database Management System
The software that centralises data and manages access to the database. It enables numerous applications to utilise the same files

7

What are the characteristics of a database system?

Shared - Different users can access the same info
Control - preserve the integrity of the data base
Flexibility - Provide the needs for different users

8

What is SQL?

Structured Query Language

9

Define: Topology

How a computer network is physically arranged

10

What are the different Topologies

Bus Topology
Star Topology
Tree Topology
Mesh Topology

11

Define: A Centralised Information System (or function)

involves all functions being based out of a single central location such as a head office

12

Define: A Decentralised Information System (or function)

involves functions being spread out throughout the organisations locations

13

What us the difference between E-commerce and e-business

E-commerce is the use of electronics to buy and sell products and services
E-business is the use of electronics to transform key business processes

14

What is Big Data?

Collection and analysis of large amounts of data to find trends, understand customer needs and help organisations to focus resources more effectively

15

What are Laney's three Vs on Big Data?

Volume- Date is collected now from everywhere eg. till receipts
Velocity - Speed to what data is being streamed into the organistation
Variety - Different formats eg email or video

16

What is the difference between a supply chain and a virtual supply chain?

A supply chain is physical and a virtual supply chain is through e-business lings (web and extranet)