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Flashcards in Theme C Deck (15)
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1

Why do we have law?

-Keep society in order
-Protect people/possessions
-For justice if laws are broken

2

Why do laws sometimes need to be changed?

-Technology advances
-Changing moral views

3

What is the rule of law?

Everyone must abide by the law of the land.

4

What are the main principles to be stuck to when applying the law?

-Innocent until proven guilty
-Equality above the law
-Access to he justice system for everyone

5

Where does law come from?

-Legislation (from parliament)
-From the EU
-Made by judges
-European Convention of Human Rights

6

What is criminal law?

Offences (eg. murder or drug dealing) that are heard in a Criminal court with a judge and jury.

7

What is civil law?

Disputes between individuals or groups of people that are heard in a Magistrates court.

8

What are mitigating factors?

Personal or financial factors into account before sentencing individuals who have been found guilty.

9

Who puts the law into practice?

-Judges
-Jury
-Solicitor
-CPS (Crown Prosecution Service)
-Magistrates
-Barristers
-Probation officers

10

What reasons are there to give sentences?

-Punish offender
-Protect public
-Serve justice to victim
-Reduce future crime
-Rehabilitation (change offenders behaviour)

11

What types of sentencing are there?

-Fines
-Community service
-Prison sentence
-Conditional discharge

12

What is the criminal age of responsibility in the UK?

10

13

Where are cases involving 10-17 year olds heard?

In a youth court

14

How can crime be reduced?

-Supporting children in deprived families/areas
-Reducing opportunities of crime
-Improving rehabilitation programs
-Increasing sentences

15

Why do people commit crimes?

-Low income/unemployment
-Lack of education
-Influence of drugs/alcohol
-Poor role models
-Deprived areas
-Family issues