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Flashcards in Theme D Deck (25)
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What is direct action?

Action to bring about change
eg. protests, strikes, demonstrations


What is indirect action?

Try to bring about change by persuasion rather than action.
eg. petitions, social media campaigns


What are the advantages of MPs going around their constituency to gain support?

- Targets particular people/areas


What are the disadvantages of MPs going around their constituency to gain support?

-Time consuming
-Can become expensive (travelling costs/costs of printing)


What is digital democracy?

Political parties accessing people from across the country or from individual constituencies by the internet, social media, email, etc


What are the advantages of digital democracy?

- Can go viral
- Free
- Quicker and easier to access
- Targets larger audience (and gets younger generation involved in democracy)


What are the disadvantages of digital democracy?

-Too much information could put people off
-Can't target individuals so easily
- Hacking
- Not everyone has access eg. older generations


How do citizens contribute to democracy?

- Voting
- Joining political party
- Signing petitions
- Volunteering
- Campaigning
- Advocacy
- Lobbying


How are workers protected/supported in the workplace?

-Trade unions
- Rights and Laws (eg. Equality Act)
- Staff associations/tribunals


What is a trade union?

Organised association of workers in a trade or profession formed to protect and further their rights and interests.


What does a trade union do?

- Supports members
- Come to agreements about pay and working conditions
- Take serious cases to employment tribunals


What is a pressure group?

Groups of people trying to change public opinion or government policy to its own view/beliefs


What is advocacy?

Publicly supporting an issue or proposal


What is lobbying?

Trying to persuade people in power to take a particular action.


What is free press?

Media is not controlled by government so can publish anything as long as it doesn't hurt anyone.


Why is free press important?

- Provides facts which help form opinions
-Interviews people with a range of views
-Investigates injustice
-Makes public aware of politician's actions, promises, etc


What is the editor's code of practice?

Set of guidelines that the media and journalists must follow about the information they gather and how they obtain it.


What is investigative journalism?

Research carried out about a particular issue or event (eg. criminal offence) that can be published due to free press


What are NGOs?

Non-governmental Organisations
Non-profit organisations, not run by the government, that support causes/people


What are the aims of the Commonwealth?

- Encourages links between people
- Shares ideas
- Promotes economic development
- Promotes democracy
- Promotes human rights


What are the aims of the United Nations?

- International peace and security
- Friendly relationships between nations
- Promotes human rights
- Cooperation for worldwide issues


What are the aims of the EU?

- Prevent war
- Take joint action for global issues
- Trade
- Promote the euro
- Promotes human rights


What are the advantages of being part of the EU?

- Citizens can live and work in any EU country
- Citizens can travel without passport
- Easier trade
- Reduced chance of war
- Citizens can shop in any country without tax


What are the disadvantages of being part of the EU?

- UK looses some power to EU
- Membership is expensive
- Could limit trade with rest of the world


What are the aims of NATO?

- Ensures freedom and security
- Promotes democracy
- Create world peace
- Encourages cooperation in defense and security to create trust