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Flashcards in Theme A Deck (21)
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1

What is a community?

A group of people who are in close contact and who share common interests and values.

2

What is a neighbourhood?

A local area within which people live as neighbours, sharing living spaces and interests.

3

What makes out society diverse?

Migration
Invasions in history
eg. Jews fleeing the Nazis
Irish people coming due to potato famine in Ireland.

4

What's a melting pot society?

People from many backgrounds living and working together.

5

Why is the UK's population changing?

-Migration
-Natural increase and life expectancy

6

What are the pros of migration?

-immigrants can fill job vacancies
-immigrants pay taxes which supports the UK’s economy and public services
-our country becomes culturally diverse
-immigrants help the local and national economy grow by working and shopping

7

What are the cons of migration?

-more people could put more pressure on social services
-there could be integration problems and friction
-immigrants may be prepared to work less than UK workers
-the unemployment rate could rise (with the increase in population)

8

What is respect?

Treating people fairly, accepting them for who they are and valuing their point of view

9

What does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights set out rules about?

-discrimination
-victimisation
-harassment

10

What is discrimination?

Treating people differently because of their colour, age, gender, ethnic origins or disability

11

What is victimisation?

Discriminating against someone unfairly

12

What is harassment?

Repeatedly targetting, threatening or humiliating someone

13

What is the Equality Act (2010)?

A law that bans unfair treatment and helps to create equality in society and the workplace

14

What does the equality act 2010 protect discrimination against?

-age
-disability
-gender
-marriage/civil partnerships
-pregnancy/maternity
-race
-religion
-sex
-sexual orientation

15

How has the magna carta affected society today?

The magna carta included the first basic human rights by protecting barons and normal people. It influenced the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights which most countries use today and the American Bill of Rights.

16

What are political rights?

People can say how the country is run

17

What different levels can we vote for candidates at?

Locally (in local elections to choose a councillor to represent your area in local councils)
Nationally (in general elections to choose an MP to represent your constituency in Parliament)
Internationally (in European elections to choose a Member of European Parliament to represent your country)

18

What laws protect people in the workplace?

National minimum wage
National living wage
Equality Act
Health and Safety laws

19

What are trade unions?

Organisations that support employees, represent them and negotiate with their employers

20

How do councils get money?

They get a set budget from the government. Further money is from council tax (from value of house) and business tax (based on property rental costs).

21

What are local councils in charge of?

Fire and police
Planning
Transport
Leisure
Housing
Education
Social services