Flashcards in Theme A Deck (21)
What is a community?
A group of people who are in close contact and who share common interests and values.
What is a neighbourhood?
A local area within which people live as neighbours, sharing living spaces and interests.
What makes out society diverse?
Invasions in history
eg. Jews fleeing the Nazis
Irish people coming due to potato famine in Ireland.
What's a melting pot society?
People from many backgrounds living and working together.
Why is the UK's population changing?
-Natural increase and life expectancy
What are the pros of migration?
-immigrants can fill job vacancies
-immigrants pay taxes which supports the UK’s economy and public services
-our country becomes culturally diverse
-immigrants help the local and national economy grow by working and shopping
What are the cons of migration?
-more people could put more pressure on social services
-there could be integration problems and friction
-immigrants may be prepared to work less than UK workers
-the unemployment rate could rise (with the increase in population)
What is respect?
Treating people fairly, accepting them for who they are and valuing their point of view
What does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights set out rules about?
What is discrimination?
Treating people differently because of their colour, age, gender, ethnic origins or disability
What is victimisation?
Discriminating against someone unfairly
What is harassment?
Repeatedly targetting, threatening or humiliating someone
What is the Equality Act (2010)?
A law that bans unfair treatment and helps to create equality in society and the workplace
What does the equality act 2010 protect discrimination against?
How has the magna carta affected society today?
The magna carta included the first basic human rights by protecting barons and normal people. It influenced the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights which most countries use today and the American Bill of Rights.
What are political rights?
People can say how the country is run
What different levels can we vote for candidates at?
Locally (in local elections to choose a councillor to represent your area in local councils)
Nationally (in general elections to choose an MP to represent your constituency in Parliament)
Internationally (in European elections to choose a Member of European Parliament to represent your country)
What laws protect people in the workplace?
National minimum wage
National living wage
Health and Safety laws
What are trade unions?
Organisations that support employees, represent them and negotiate with their employers
How do councils get money?
They get a set budget from the government. Further money is from council tax (from value of house) and business tax (based on property rental costs).