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Flashcards in Thyroglossal Cyst Deck (10)
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1

def

a thyroglossal cyst is a fibrous cyst commonly found in the neck midline which forms from a persistant thyroglossal duct

2

aetiology

develops from cells and tissues which are left over after the formation of the thyroid gland during development

3

epi

very common to present in children

4

what are the two most common neck abnormalities

1 lymphadenopathy
2 thyroglossal duct cysts

5

history

palpable non-tender mass in the midline of the neck
dysphagia (rare)

6

examination

non-tender, smooth mass which moves on swallowing or protrusion of the tongue
there may by dysphagia or dyspepsia

7

why does a thyroglossal cyst move on swallowing or protrusion of the tongue

it is attached to the tongue via the tract of thyroid descent

8

what would a painful midline neck mass indicate

a thyroglossal duct cyst which is infected

9

movement of a neck mass on swallowing or protusion of the tongue differentiates what two conditions

thyroglossal duct cyst
thyroid nodule

10

investigations

USS
-anechoic midline mass (free from echo which indicates a cyst)