To..., for..., so that... (purpose) Flashcards Preview

09 -ing and the infinitive > To..., for..., so that... (purpose) > Flashcards

Flashcards in To..., for..., so that... (purpose) Deck (22):
1

We use "to" to say w__ somebody does something. (= the p____ on an action)

We use "to" to say why somebody does something. (= the purpose "but' of an action)

Why are you going out? To mail a letter.

A friend of mine called to invite me to a party.

We shouted to warn everybody of the danger.

 

2

We also use "to" to say why something ex___ . (= its purpose)

We also use "to" to say why something exists. (= its purpose)

This fence is to keep people out of the yard.

The president has a team of bodyguards to protect him.

3

We also use "to" to say what c__ be done or m____ be done with something.

We also use "to" to say what can be done or must be done with something.

It's hard to find a place to park downtown. (=a place where you can park)

I get lonely if there's nobody to talk to.

Do you have much work to do. (=work that you must do)

Note: money/time/chance/opportunity/energy/courage to do (something)

They gave us some money to buy some food.

4

We use for + n___, and we use to + v___.

We use for + noun, and we use to + verb.

I'm going to Spain for a vacation vs. I'm going to Spain to learn Spanish.

What would you like for dinner? vs. What would you like to eat?

Let's go to the pool for a swim vs. Let's go to the pool to have a swim.

5

You can say "for (s_____) to (do s_____)".

You can say "for (somebody) to (do something)".

There weren't any chair for us to sit on.

Note 1: You can use for... -ing or to... to talk about the general purpose of something or what it is generally used for:

Do you use this brush for washing the dishes? (or... to wash the dishes?)

Note 2: You can use What... for? to ask about purpose.

What is this switch for?

What did you do that for?

6

Sometimes you have to use so t___ for purpose.

Sometimes you have to use so that for purpose. (afin de...)

We use so that (not to...) especially:

When the purpose is negative (so that... won't/wouldn't)

I hurried so that I wouldn't be late. (= because I didn't want to be late)

Leave early so that you won't (or don't) miss the bus.

With can an could (so that... can/could):

She's learning English so that she can study in Canada.

We moved to the city so that we could see our children more often.

7

I need some money. So I am going to the bank __ get some money

I need some money. So I am going to the bank to get some money.

8

I want to go to Canada. So I am saving money __ go to Canada.

I want to go to Canada. So I am saving money to go to Canada.

9

I didn't have enough time __ ____ the newspaper today.

I didn't have enough time to read the newspaper today.

10

I took a taxi home. I didn't have the energy __ ____.

I took a taxi home. I didn't have the energy to walk.

11

Would you like something __ ____? Yes, a cup of coffee, please.

Would you like something to drink? Yes, a cup of coffee, please.

12

I wish he had enough money __ ___ another car.

I wish he had enough money to buy another car.

13

I need some new clothes. I don't have anything nice __ ____.

I need some new clothes. I don't have anything nice to wear.

14

I'm going to Spain for/to a vacation.

I'm going to Spain for a vacation.

15

You need a lot of experience for/to this job.

You need a lot of experience for this job.

16

You need a lot fo experience for/to do this job.

You need a lot fo experience to do this job.

17

I went to the dentist for/to a check-up.

I went to the dentist for a check-up.

18

I had to put on my glasses for/to read the letter.

I had to put on my glasses to read the letter.

19

I wish we have a yard ___ the dog ___ play in.

I wish we have a yard for the dog to play in.

20

Write sentence with so that (afin de). I hurried. I didn't want to be late. I hurried __ ____ I wouldn't to be late.

Write sentence with so that (afin de). I hurried. I didn't want to be late. I hurried so that I wouldn't to be late.

21

Write sentence with so that (afin de). I wore warm clothes. I didn't want to be cold. _____.

Write sentence with so that (afin de). I wore warm clothes. I didn't want to be cold. _____.

I wore warm clothes so that I wouldn't be cold.

22

Write sentence with so that (afin de). I left Dave my phone number. I wanted him to be able to contact me. _____.

Write sentence with so that (afin de). I left Dave my phone number. I wanted him to be able to contact me. _____.

I left Dave my phone number so that he would be able to contact me.