Verb + -ing / Verb + to Flashcards Preview

09 -ing and the infinitive > Verb + -ing / Verb + to > Flashcards

Flashcards in Verb + -ing / Verb + to Deck (20):
1

Some (abstract) verbs and idioms are followed by -ing.

Enj__ / Mi_d / Sug__t / st__ / Fin_h / qu_t / av__d / Ri_k / Cons___r / Ima___e / M__s / ad__t /

De_y / Reco____d

Give __ (= stop) / Put ___ (= postpone) / Go __ (= continue) Keep/Keep __ (do something continuously or repeatedly)

Some (abstract) verbs and idioms are followed by -ing.

Enjoy / Mind / Suggest / stop / Finish / quit / avoid / risk

Consider / Imagine / Mind / admit / Deny / Recommend

Give up (= stop) / Put off (= postpone) / Go on (= continue) Keep/Keep on (do something continuously or repeatedly)

Note: Wiht some verbs you can use the structure verb + somebody + -ing

I can't imagine Georges riding a motorcycle. / Sorry to keep you waiting so long.

The negative form is not +ing: In vacation, I enjoy not having to get early.

2

With some verbs you can use the structure verb + s_____ + -ing.

 

With some verbs you can use the structure verb + s_____ + -ing.

I can't imagine Georges riding a motorcycle.

Sorry to keep you waiting so long.

Note te passive form (being done/seen/kept, etc.):

I dont mind being kept wating. (= I don't mind people keeping me waiting)

 

3

When you talking about finished action, you can say h_____ done/stolen/said, etc.

When you talking about finished action, you can say having done/stolen/said, etc.

They admitted having stolen the money.

But it is not necessary to use having (done). You can also say:

They admitted stealing the money

4

After some of the verbs on this section (especially admit/deny/suggest), you can also use t____.

After some of the verbs on this section (especially admit/deny/suggest), you can also use t____.

She denied that she had stolent the money. (or She denied stealing...)

Sam suggested that we go to the movies. (or Sam suggested going...)

5

Ater these verbs you can use to... (infinitive).

Off___ / Agr___ / Ref___e / Dec__e / Pl__ / Arra__e / Ho__ / Man____d / Fa_l / Des___e

Aff__d / For__t / Prom___ / Thr____n / Le__n

The negative is ___ to. 

Ater these verbs you can use to... (infinitive).

Offer / Agree / refuse / decide / Plan / Arrange / Hope / Manage / Fail / Deserve / Afford / Forget / Promise / Threaten / Learn

The negative is not to. 

It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home.

David was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to help him.

How hold were you when you learned to drive.

Karen failed to make a good impression.

6

We aslo use to... after:  se_m / app__r / t__d / pret__d / cl__m.

We aslo use to... after:  seem / appear / tend / pretend / claim.

They seem to have plenty of money.

I like Dan, but I think he tends to talk too much.

Ann pretended not to see me when she passed me on the street.

 

There is also a continuous infinitive (to be doing) and perfect infinitive (to have done):

I pretended to be reading the newspaper. (= I pretended that I was reading)

You seem to have lost weight. (= it seems that you have lost weight)

Jo seems to be enjoying his new job. (= it seems the he is enjoying it)

 

7

After dare, you can use a verb w___ or w______ to.

After dare, you can use a verb with or without to.

I wouldn't dare to tell him.  or I wouldn't dare tell him.

8

After some verbs, you can use a question word (what/whether/how, etc.)

A_k / L___n / Dec__e / Und______d / K__w / Won___r / Rem____r / Exp___n / For__t

After some verbs, you can use a question word (what/whether/how, etc.)

Ask / Learn / Decide / Understand / Knoww / Wonder / Rememberr / Explain / Forget

We asked how to get to the station.

Have you decided where to go for your vacation.

I don't know whether to apply for the job or not.

Do you understand what to do?

Also showw/tell/ask/advise/ teach somebody how what/how/where:

Can somebody show me how to change the film in this camera?

9

Whe I'm tired, I enjoy _____ (watch) television. It's relaxing.

Whe I'm tired, I enjoy watching television. It's relaxing.

10

It was a nice day, so we decide _____ (go) for a walk.

It was a nice day, so we decide to go for a walk.

11

There was a lot of traffic, but we managed _____ (get) to the airport on time.

There was a lot of traffic, but we managed to get to the airport on time.

12

I'm not in a hurry. I don't mind _____ (wait).

I'm not in a hurry. I don't mind waiting.

13

They don't have much money. They can't afford _____ (eat) out very often.

They don't have much money. They can't afford to eat out very often.

14

We've got a new computer software in our office. I haven't learned how _____ (use) it yet.

We've got a new computer software in our office. I haven't learned how to use it yet.

15

I whish that dog would stop _____ (bark). It's driving me crazy.

I whish that dog would stop barking. It's driving me crazy.

16

Our neighbor threatened _____ (call) the police if we didn't stop the noise.

Our neighbor threatened to call the police if we didn't stop the noise.

17

We were hungry, so I suggested _____ (have) dinner early.

We were hungry, so I suggested having dinner early.

18

We were all afraid to speak. Nobody dared _____ (say) anything.

We were all afraid to speak. Nobody dared (to) say anything.

19

Hurry up! I don't want to risk _____ (miss) the train.

Hurry up! I don't want to risk missing the train.

20

I'm still looking for a job. but I hope _____ (find) something soon.

I'm still looking for a job. but I hope to find something soon.