Topic 3.2- The Components of Fitness, Benefits for Sport and How Fitness is Measured and Improved Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 3.2- The Components of Fitness, Benefits for Sport and How Fitness is Measured and Improved Deck (4)
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1

What is the definition of body composition?

What are the average percentages of healthy fat in:

Men
Women

Why is a healthy percentage of fat good?

What is the definition of muscular strength?

How is the developed by?

What is the badly sometimes associated with?

The % of body weight that is fat, muscle and bone

15-18%

20-25%

For protection from diseases

The ability to exert force

High weight and low repetitions

Steroids.

2

What is the definition of muscular endurance?

How is this developed by?

What is the definition of flexibility?

What is the definition of cardiovascular fitness?

What is the cardiovascular system?

What are the five skills related to these?

The ability to use muscles over a long period of time without getting tired

Low weight and high repetitions

The range of movement at a joint

The ability of the heart and circulatory system to meet the demands of the body for a long period of time

The efficiency of the heart, blood and blood vessels to deliver oxygen to the muscles

Balance, power, coordination, agility and reaction time.

3

What does BMI stand for?

What is mass?

What is mass measured in?

What is weight?

What is weight measured in?

What is the formula to calculate BMI?

What are the two reactants measured in, in this equation?

What two things does testing identify?

What does two things have to be done for this?

What does testing monitor?

What three thins does this enable?

What is the final point for the point of testing?

What does this enable?

Body Mass Index

How much material makes your body

Kg

How much force is put on you by gravity

N

BMI= Weight -:- Height2 (squared)

Weight is measured in kg and height in m2 (squared)

Strengths and weaknesses

-Has to link to specific components of fitness
-Things that are important to your sport

Progress

-Establishes baseline scores
-Allows for comparison
-Links to target setting

It gives yourself an incentive (gives yourself motivation)

SMART targets.

4

What is protocol?

What does this ensure?

What are the protocols for the following fitness tests:

30 metre run/sprint

Cooper run 12 min run

1 min push up test

Harvard step test

Sit and reach

1 minute sit up

Hand and grip strength

Sargent jump test

The official procedure for carrying out a test

Ensures consistency

-Measures a persons speed
-30 metres set up and then time yourself (straight)

-Even intervals
-Run for 12 min continuously
-Measures VO2 max

-Muscular endurance
-No equipment needed

-Measures CV endurance
-Step on/off 45cm bench every 2 seconds for 5 mins

Measures flexibility of hamstrings/back muscles

Measures muscular endurance

Tests muscular strength in hand muscles

-Tests leg power
-Bend knees and jump, touching the wall at the highest point of jump with chalky fingers.