Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 12: Nervous System Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 12: Nervous System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 12: Nervous System Deck (12):
1

Arachnoid

Aracnoides, middle layer of meninges

2

Cerebrum

Cerebro, largest portion of the brain; right & left hemispheres; interprets general senses (sight, hearing, intellect, memory, emotion)

3

Neuron

Neurona, conducts nerve impulses

4

Cortisol

Corticoesteroide endógeno, hormone secreted by adrenal cortex; increases glucose level for energy, AKA hydrocortisone = hidrocortisona

5

Cerebellum

Cerebelo, rombencéfalo; under posterior portion of cerebrum; assists in coordination of skeletal muscles & maintaining balance

6

Meninges

Meninges, 3 layers of membrane covering brain and spinal cord

7

Cerebrospinal fluid

Líquido cefalorraquídio; flows through subarachnoid space (espacio subaracnoideo); cushions brain & spinal cord

8

Test

Test

9

cuello encefálico

brainstem

10

diencéfalo

diencephalon; the caudal (posterior) part of the forebrain, containing the epithalamus, thalamus, hypothalamus, and ventral thalamus and the third ventricle.

11

dendrita

dendrite; a short branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impulses received from other cells at synapses are transmitted to the cell body

12

nervio vago

vagus nerve; each of the tenth pair of cranial nerves, supplying the heart, lungs, upper digestive tract, and other organs of the chest and abdomen

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