Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 8: Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

National Medical Interpreter Certification > Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 8: Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 4: Medical Terminology. Subgroup 8: Endocrine System Deck (13):
1

Thyroid

Tiroides

2

Pancreas

Páncreas, enzymes for digesting food, insulin (lowers blood sugar), glucagon (raises blood sugar)

3

Hormone

Hormona

4

Epinephrine

Epinefrina, hormone secreted by adrenal medulla to help body deal with stress

5

Adrenaline

Adrenalina, hormone secreted by adrenal medulla to help body deal with stress

6

Thyroid gland

Glandula tiroidea, largest endocrine gland, secretes T3 & T4 (AKA tiroxina)

7

Goiter

Bocio, enlargement of thyroid gland

8

Adrenal glands

Glandulas suprarrenales, two: one above each kidney

9

Islets of Langerhans

Islotes de Langerhans, clusters of endocrine tissue in pancreas, secrete hormones including insulin and glucagon

10

Pituitary gland

Hipófisis, AKA hypophysis cerebri; at base of brain--master gland; produces hormones that stimulate function of other endocrine glands--hormones: TSH, FSH, LH, HGH, ACTH, prolactic, oxytocin

11

Hypothalamus

In brain. Stim & inhib hormones

12

parathyroid gland

in neck. parathyroid hormone, regulates calcium levels in the blood and bone metabolism

13

pineal gland

in brain. melatonin, sleep-wake patterns

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