Topic 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 5 Deck (46):
1

On average, how long do men and women in the U.S live

79.6 years

2

How long on average do males live in the U.S

77.1

3

On average how long do women live in the U.S

81.9

4

How much longer do women live on average than men

5 years

5

How many people in the U.S

308.7 million

6

What percentage of the population is males

49.2%

7

What percentage of the population is female

50.8%

8

What percentage of people in the U.S are 65+

13%

10

Media age based on 2010 census

37.2 years (about 2 years increase from 2000)

11

Baby boomers are born from

1946-1964 (20 year period after World War II)

12

Ages 60-65 are

Elderly

13

Ages 76-90 are

Old

14

Ages 90+ are

Very old

15

Ages 100+ are

Centenarian

16

Ages 110+ are

Super centenarians

17

Baby boomers will affect what two systems

Social security and health care

18

Those born in the 1980s, early 1990s

Baby Echo (baby boomers children)

19

3 main causes of death in 1900

Pneumonia and Influenza
Tuberculous
Diarrhea and Enteritis

20

3-4 most common causes of death in 2015

Heart Disease
Cancer
COPD (chronic obstructive lung disorders)
Stroke

21

COPD stands for

Chronic Obstructive Lung Disorders

22

In 1900 people didn’t

Live long enough to get age related diseases

Lack of vaccines and clean water and food

23

Life expectancy in 1900s

Male: 46.3
Female: 48.3
Average: 47.3

24

Top 3 most common causes of death (male vs female)

Male: Heart Disease, Cancer, Accidents
Female: Heart Disease, Cancer, Cerebrovascular Disease(stroke)

25

More women die of what than men OVERALL

Heart Disease (but more men die at a younger age)

26

Men are how many times more likely to die in an accident than women

Twice

27

Suicide ration (men to women)

3:1

28

Top 3 causes of death age 0-4yrs

Accidents
Congenital Malformations
Homicide

29

Top 3 causes of death ages 5-14yrs

Accidents
Cancer
Congenital Malformations

30

Top 3 causes of death ages 15-24yrs men vs. women

Men: accidents, homicide, suicide
Women: accidents, suicide, homicide

(More men join gangs at this age)

31

At ages 15-24yrs what is the ratio of death for accidents in men vs women

3:1

32

Top 3 causes of death ages 25-34yrs men vs. women

Men: accidents, suicide, homicide
Women: accidents, cancer, suicide

(More men dying earlier at a younger age compared to women: 3-4 times as many men dying)

33

Top 3 causes of death ages 35-44yrs men vs. women

Men: accidents, heart disease, cancer
Women: cancer, accidents, heart disease

34

Top 3 causes of death ages 45-54yrs men vs. women

Men: heart disease, cancer, accidents
Women: cancer, heart disease, accidents

35

Top 3 causes of death ages 55-64yrs men vs. women

Men: cancer, heart disease, accidents
Women: cancer, heart disease, pulmonary disease

36

Top 3 causes of death ages 65-74yrs men vs. women

Men and Women: cancer, heart disease, pulmonary disease

37

Top 3 causes of death ages 75-84yrs men vs. women

Men: cancer, heart disease, pulmonary disease
Women: heart disease, cancer, pulmonary disease

(Ages when most men and women die)

38

Top 3 causes of death ages 85+ men vs women

Men: heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular
Women: heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular

39

Overall ages 75+ what is the trend

More women tend to die of diseases (heart Disease etc)than men because most of the men have died in earlier ages (mostly women left to die of the old age diseases such as Alzheimer’s for example)

40

Top 10 large countries with the longest life expectancy

Japan
Singapore
Switzerland
Australia
Italy
Sweden
Canada
France
Norway
Spain

41

U.S rank in life expectancy is

#42

42

On average how much longer do Japanese people live than Americans

5 years (average life expectancy is 84.5) men: 81.1 female 88.0

43

Longest life expectancy for small countries

Monaco
Macau
San Marino
Hong Kong
Andorra
Guernsey
Liechtenstein

44

#1 and #2 country for life expectancy

Monaco
Macau

45

Life expectancy for Monaco

89.6

46

HALE index

Life expectancy- #yrs of ill health
= years of healthy life

47

Which gender mostly dies of Alzheimer’s

Women