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Flashcards in Toursim Key Words Deck (27):

Attractions (natural/primary and built/secondary)

A feature or facility that makes tourists go to a place. Tourist destinations may include a range of attractions. Attractions may be natural/primary (beaches and waterfalls) or built/secondary (theme parks and zoos). Some buildings and places (castles and cathedrals) were not built as tourist attractions but have become attractions over time.


Butler tourist resort life-cycle model

This model says that any tourist resort starts on a small scale, develops into something more significant, then either goes into decline or makes changes to maintain its attractions. There are six stages: exploration, involvement, development, consolidation, stagnation, decline or rejuvenation.



The careful and planned use of resources in order to manage and maintain the natural environment for future generations.


Disposable income

Money left over after necessities (food, shelter, water etc) have been bought. This money can be spent or saved as one wishes e.g. On holidays.


Domestic tourists

These tourists travel within their own country. They do not cross international borders.


Domestic tourists

These tourists travel within their own country. They do not cross international borders.


Economic impacts

Impacts upon the economy result in changes to jobs, income and prices. These may be negative or positive, seasonal or long-term.



Tourism to an area because of the appeal of its natural environment, while negative impacts are kept to a minimum. It is small scale responsible tourism and visitors also try to benefit the local communities socially and economically. (AKA green tourism).


Environmental impacts

These can be negative or positive changes to a location's environment due to the presence of tourism in an area e.g. vegetation trampling is a negative environmental impact.


External factors

Something unrelated to tourism, which affects tourist numbers, such as the economy, currency exchange rates, political unrest, wars, terrorism.


Extreme environments

Locations with particularly difficult environments where the development of tourism has only recently occurred due to a niche market demand for somewhere different with physical challenges.


Grey pound

A term used to describe the economic purchasing power of the elderly population in the UK.


Historic site

A historic site is an attraction known for its intrinsic historic or heritage value - e.g. Stonehenge and Canterbury Cathedral in the UK, Machu Picchu and The Pantheon (Rome) overseas.


Honeypot site

A location attracting a large number of tourists who, due to their numbers, place pressure on the environment and local people.


Infrastructure for tourism

Supports structures and services for visitors such as airports, hotels, electricity, tour agencies, etc.


International tourists

These are tourists who travel across borders between different countries (international borders). All tourists who enter or leave the UK are international tourists.



The term used to describe those free-time activities people choose when they are not at work or in education.



Flights or trips to destinations beyond Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, usually with a flight time of 6-7 hours or more.


Mass tourism

Tourism on a large scale to one country or region. This equates to the Development and Consolidation phases of the Butler tourist resort life-cycle model.


Multiplier effect

The phenomenon whereby when a job is created in one sector of the economy, it leads to the creation of jobs in other economic sectors.


National Park

An area usually designated by law where development is limited and planning is controlled. The landscape is regarded as unusual and valuable and therefore worth preserving e.g. the Lake District National Park.


Package holiday

A holiday or tour arranged by a travel agent; transportation, food and lodging are all included in the price.


Niche market

Holidays targeted as a very small segment of the population who share a narrow set of wants, needs and wishes.



These are places tourists visit for holidays or recreation and where tourism is an important part of the local economy.



The personal responsibility for looking after things, in this case the environment. No one should damage the present or future environment.



Is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes



Are people who 'travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more more than 24 hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.