Glossary: Changing Urban Environments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Glossary: Changing Urban Environments Deck (18):
1

Brownfield Sites.

Land that has been built on before and is to be cleared and reused. These sites are often in the inner city.

2

Central business districts (CBD).

The city centre with shops, offices, services and entertainments. Characterised by high-rise buildings and a high population density during the day.

3

City challenge.

A strategy in which local authorities had to design a scheme and submit a bid for funding, competing against other local countries. They had to become part of a partnership involving the local community and private companies who would fund part of the development.

4

Disposal of waste.

Safely getting rid of unwanted items such as solid waste.

5

Function.

The 'work' or purpose of a settlement or particular area e.g. For residential use, recreation, or shopping.

6

Green belt.

An area of land around a large town or city which is protected form development in an attempt to halt the expansion of towns into the countryside.

7

Greenfield sites.

Land that has not been built on before, usually in the countryside on the edge of the built up area.

8

Household.

A person living alone, or two or more people living at the same address, sharing a living room.

9

Incineration.

Getting rid of waste by burning it on a large scale at selected sites.

10

Industrialisation.

The process by which an increasing proportion of the population are employed in the manufacturing sector of the economy.

11

Informal sector.

That part of the economy where jobs are created by people to try to get an income (e.g. Taking in washing, mending bicycles) and which are not recognised in official figures.

12

Inner city.

The zone around the CBD. In Britain it developed during the Industrial Revolution when factories were built with many rows of terraced houses to house the workers. A zone of redevelopment today.

13

Landfill.

A means of disposing of waste by digging a large hole in the ground and lining it before filling it with rubbish. Most of the UK's waste goes to landfill.

14

Land use.

The types of buildings or other features that are found in the area e.g. Terraced housing, banks, industrial estates, roads, parks, etc.

15

Park and ride scheme.

A bus service runs to key places from car parks located on the edges of busy urban areas in order to reduce traffic flows and congestion in the city centre. Costs are low in order to encourage people to use the system -they are cheaper than fuel and car parking charges in the CBD.

16

Quality of life.

How good a person's life is, measured by such things as quality of housing and environment, access to education, health care, how secure people feel and how contented and satisfied they are with their lifestyle.

17

Regeneration.

Improving an area e.g. By improving housing, or carried out by organisations such as the UCDs or competitions such as the City Challenge.

18

Air pollution.

Putting harmful substances, such as excess carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere.