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Flashcards in Traction Deck (23)
1

separation of two joint surfaces perpendicular to the plane of the articulation

joint distraction

2

force applied during joint distraction must be great enough to cause blank around the joint to allow the joint surfaces to distract

soft tissue elongation

3

percentage of body weight needed to increase length of spine

25

4

percentage of body weight needed to distract z joints

50

5

percentage of body weight needed to increase length of c spine

7

6

some physiological effects of traction

joint distraction, soft tissue stretching, muscle relaxation,

7

lower forces of traction may reduce pain by stimulation of mechanoreceptors at blank

spinal gate

8

these are most often treated with traction

disc bulge/herniation

9

this should be considered if there is a compressive load intolerance of the spine

nerve root impingement

10

traction is blank to individual spinal joints

non specific

11

three contraindications to traction

joint hypermobility, ra, malignancy

12

four types of traction

mechanical, electric, weighted, hydraulic

13

two types of mechanical traction

static, intermittent

14

mechanical traction for irritable conditions, inflammation, disc protrusion

static

15

mechanical traction for joint dysfunctions that has a mobilization effect

intermittent

16

hook lying supine position for traction is for blank

joint hypomobility/spinal stenosis

17

prone position for traction is for blank

disc conditions

18

unilateral lumbar traction is for unilateral blank

symptoms

19

Placing a patient in a position for a prolonged period of time so as to decompress target tissue

positional traction

20

The application of force by the therapist so as to distract the target tissue

manual traction

21

normal parameters for traction during acute phase

5-10 mins

22

normal parameters for traction during most any phase

20-30 mins

23

The use of gravity or the weight of the body to exert a distraction force on the spine

self traction