Motion Restrictions / Muscle Tone Abnormalities - 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Motion Restrictions / Muscle Tone Abnormalities - 1 Deck (35)
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a combination of motion loss that does not follow a capsular pattern

noncapsular pattern

1

limit motion in direction that stretches an adhered ligament

ligamentous adhesion

2

disruption of internal joint anatomy may lead to blank

derangement

3

loss of ground substance causes loss of interfibrillar blank

lubrication

4

ground substance has a half life of

up to 7 days

5

collagen half life

300-500 days

6

shortening of any soft tissue

contracture

7

contracture occurs due to blank forming in collagen

cross links

8

intraarticular edema aka

joint effusion

9

accumulation of fluid outside a joint

edema

10

abnormal joining of parts to each other

adhesion

11

limited ROM of a peripheral nerve

adverse neural tension

12

intraneural restriction usually responds to blank movements

tensor

13

extraneural restriction in nerve generally responds to blank movements

slider

14

senses muscle tension and can shut off agonist

golgi tendon organs

15

senses muscle length and causes spasm

muscle spindle

16

when force and length are measured as force is applied and removed from a tissue, the load deformation curve does not follow the same path

hysteresis

17

mechanical teasing apart adhesions

transverse friction massage

18

activating different blank receptors allows for tissue elongation

mechano

19

strengthening one muscle causes blank of the antagonist

lengthening

20

increase tissue temperature by 4 degrees celsius to increase extensibility

thermotherapy

21

e stim decreases edema by flexing the blank

skeletal muscle pump

22

ice does not block new blank, but blank blocks all pain

tissue damage pain, e stim

23

muscle tension at rest

muscle tone

24

total lack of tone or no resistance to passive stretch

flaccidity

25

total resistance to stretch

rigidity

26

hypertonicity makes it blank to stretch

harder

27

hypotonicity makes it blank to stretch

easy

28

quick stretch respond with multiple rhythmic beats after rapid dorsiflexion of ankle. UMN lesion

clonus

29

muscle tone can be measured by blank test which uses electrogoniometer or isokinetic dynamometer

pendulum