Inflammation / Healing Process - 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Inflammation / Healing Process - 1 Deck (49)
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large injury that results in failure of musculoskeletal structures

macrotrauma

1

overuse, cyclic loading, friction injuries. small stresses that cause injury over time

microtrauma

2

primary injury can cause swelling and ultrastructural changes like damaging the blank of the ankle

ligaments

3

two causes of secondary injury

enzymatic injury, metabolic injury

4

example of an enzymatic secondary injury

lysosomal mechanism (eating good tissue)

5

example of metabolic injury

inadequate waste removal

6

inflammation is a coordinated chemical response with blank

vascularity

7

heat and redness are caused by increased blank

vascularity

8

swelling is caused by blockage of blank drainage

lymphatic

9

pain is caused by a physical blank or blank irritation

pressure, chemical

10

loss of function is caused by blank

pain/swelling

11

activate blank receptors with joint mobes to inhibit blank receptors

mechano, pain

12

blood clotting aka

hemostasis

13

protective --> controlled motion --> return to function

aka inflammation, proliferation, maturation

14

vasoconstriction in injured vessels is the blank response to injury

vascular

15

protein rich fluid escapes into surrounding tissue which pulls blank with it due to being blank

water, hydrophilic

16

pressure exerted by a column of water

hydrostatic pressure

17

pressure resulting from attraction of fluid by free proteins

osmotic pressure

18

basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils are all pretty important in blank

inflammation

19

release antibodies into bloodstream

b lymphocytes

20

cell deprived of oxygen

hypoxia

21

when hypoxia occurs in cells after injury, blank metabolism kicks in, so the blank pump slows down which increases cellular blank

anaerobic, sodium potassium, acidosis

22

removal of noxious stimuli, growth of capillary beds, collagen forms, easily injured tissue

proliferation phase

23

fibroblasts produce blank

collagen

24

fibroblast growth occurring in connective tissue

fibroplasia

25

composed of capillaries, fibroblasts, and myofibroblasts

granulation tissue

26

initially type blank collagen is formed

3

27

wound contraction that pulls epithelial layer inwards

myofibroblasts

28

wound closure takes about blank days in muscle/skin

5-8

29

wound closure takes blank days in tendon and ligament

3-6 weeks