Trans - Spleen, Pancreas, Small Intestine Flashcards Preview

[OS 206] 1st Exam > Trans - Spleen, Pancreas, Small Intestine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trans - Spleen, Pancreas, Small Intestine Deck (76)
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1

region where the spleen is located

left hypochondriac / left upper quadrant

2

the spleen lies under the cover of what ribs

9th - 11th ribs in the midaxillary line

3

most frequently injured abdominal organ

spleen

4

T/F: the normal spleen is faintly palpable

F

5

position of the spleen in the living body is assessed by:

percussion

6

ligaments that maintain the spleen's position

1. gastrosplenic ligament
2. splenorenal ligament

7

which surface of the spleen is smooth and convex

diaphragmatic surface

8

the splenic notch is located:

adjacent to the gastric surface (superior border of the visceral surface)

9

ligaments which stabilize the spleen connect to which part in it

splenic hilum

10

structure that separates the renal surface of the spleen from the phrenic surface

splenic artery

11

structure that carries blood vessels to and from the splenic pulp

trabeculae

12

arterial supply of the spleen comes from:

1. splenic artery
2. left gastroepiploic artery
3. right gastroepiploic artery

13

venous drainage of the spleen

splenic vein draining into hepatic portal vein

14

lymphatic drainage of the spleen

pancreaticosplenic lymph nodes

15

innervation of the spleen

celiac nerve plexus

16

T/F: the innervation of the spleen is secretomotor

F, it is vasomotor

17

location of the pancreas

epigastric, left hypochondriac regions

18

T/F: the pancreas is a mainly interperitoneal organ

F, it is retroperitoneal

19

the pancreas crosses the bodies of which vertebrae

L1, L2

20

secretions of the pancreas

1. exocrine - pancreatic juice
2. endocrine - insulin, glucagon

21

insulin and glucagon come from which specific areas of the pancreas

islets of Langerhans

22

subdivisions of the pancreas

1. head
2. neck
3. body
4. tail

23

what separates the head of the pancreas from the body

pancreatic incisures

24

projection from the inferior part of the pancreatic head, extending medially to the left

uncinate process

25

splenic hilum is in contact with what part of the pancreas

tail

26

the fibrous capsule of the spleen is composed of what type of connective tissue

dense irregular fibroelastic connective tissue

27

T/F: the entire body of the pancreas is covered by peritoneum

F, the anterior surface is covered with peritoneum but the posterior surface is not

28

most mobile portion of pancreas

tail

29

pancreatic arteries are derived from:

branches of splenic artery forming arcades with gastroduodenal and superior mesenteric arteries

30

blood supply to pancreatic head

1. anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal
2. posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal
3. anterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal
4. posterior inferior pancreaticoduodenal