Trans - Male and Female Internal Genitalia Flashcards Preview

[OS 206] 1st Exam > Trans - Male and Female Internal Genitalia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trans - Male and Female Internal Genitalia Deck (98)
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1

T/F: Some parts of the male internal genitalia are intraperitoneal, some are retroperitoneal

F. All are retroperitoneal

2

Components of the male internal genitalia

Glands – prostate, seminal vesicle, Cowper’s gland

Ducts – ductus deferens, ejaculatory ducts, urethra

3

Shape of the prostate

Tetrahedral, walnut-shaped

4

The prostate is traversed by:

Prostatic urethra, 2 ejaculatory ducts

5

Parts of the urethra

Prostatic
Membranous
Spongy

6

Prostatic ducts open into what structure

Prostatic sinuses

7

T/F: Prostatic fluid is only secreted prior to ejaculation

F. Continuous secretion, with a ~2000 fold increase during ejaculation

8

T/F: The prostate has a true fibrous capsule

F

9

What region of the prostate is most predisposed to cancer? Why?

Posterior region, because of its glandular nature

10

Cholinergic innervations of the prostate

Nervi erigentes

11

Function of sphincter vesicae

Prevent retrograde ejaculation

12

Benign prostatic hypertrophy is usually related to what lobes?

Anterior and middle

13

Prostatic carcinoma is usually related to what lobes?

Posterior

14

Seminal vesicle secretes fluid containing ________ and _________

Fructose for sperm nutrition
Fibrinogen as a coagulating agent

15

The ampulla of the ductus deferens is located (medially/laterally)________ to the seminal vesicle

Medially

16

Seminal vesicle: arterial supply

Inferior vesical artery
Middle rectal artery

17

Seminal vesicle: venous drainage

Inferior vesical vein
Middle rectal vein

18

Cowper’s glands are also known as

Bulbourethral glands

19

Characteristics of the first part of the ejaculate

Prostatic and sperm-rich

20

Characteristics of the second part of the ejaculate

Seminal and sperm-poor

21

PSA test screens for:

Prostate cancer

22

Normal values when analyzing semen

60 million
60% normal shape
60% normal forward motility

23

4 digital rectal exam positions

1. Ambulatory – standing with knees bent
2. Knee-chest position
3. Modified lithotomy – patient on back, knees flexed
4. For bedridden patients – left latera/Sims position

24

Benign prostatic hypertrophy usually involves what lobe

Anterior

25

Urinary PCA 3 is a genetic marker test for early detection of __________

Prostatic cancer

26

T/F: Ovarian follicles are seen in gross anatomy dissections

F, they are only seen histologically

27

Ligament that attaches the anterior border of the ovary to the broad ligament of the uterus

Mesovarium

28

Ligament that suspends tubal pole of ovary to external iliac vessels

Infundibulopelvic ligament

29

Ligament that attaches uterine pole of ovary to lateral margin of uterus

Ovarian ligament

30

Epithelium of Fallopian tubes

Ciliated columnar