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CLASP: Radiology and Anatomy > Trauma Imaging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Trauma Imaging Deck (12)
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1

what is a flail segment?

3 or more adjacent ribs are fractured in more than 2 places- ribs cage lifts and problems with breathing

2

types of fractures

- Transverse
- Oblique
- Spiral
- Comminuted= 3 parts
- Avulsion= fragment breaks away
- Impacted
- Torus= children
- Greenstick= only one side of the periosteum is affected

3

what is the posterior fat pad sign?

normal to have an anterior fat pad in the elbow, but if there is a joint effusion this will be seen

4

two types of wrist fractures

1. Colles
2. Smith's

5

what is a colle's fracture?

dorsal angulation (dinner fork deformity)

6

what is a smith's fracture?

volar angulation

7

associations with Colle's fracture

elderly
females
OP

8

two types of fracture of the femur

intracapsular
intertrochanteric

9

where is a scaphoid fracture?

anatomical snuffbox
risks AVN if injured at waist

10

which type of femur fracture risks blood supply interruption?

intracapsular

11

dual blood supply to the spleen

splenic artery
short gastric artery

12

management of splenic laceration

- unstable= splenectomy
- stable= embolise splenic artery