Treatment of Viral Pneumonia Flashcards Preview

Pulmonary Week 2 > Treatment of Viral Pneumonia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Treatment of Viral Pneumonia Deck (14):
1

What characteristics of pneumonia suggest viral cause?

-younger than 5 YO
-slow onset
-rhinitis, wheezing

2

What characteristics of pneumonia suggest bacterial cause?

-rapid onset
-adults
-high fever, tachypnea

3

Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on WBC count

viral- less than 10x10^9 cells/L

bacterial- greater than 15x10^9 cells/L

4

Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on CRP

viral- less than 20mg/L

bacterial- more than 60mg/L

5

Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on Pro-calcitonin

viral- less than 0.1ug/L

bacterial- more than 0.5ug/L

6

Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on chest radiograph

viral-sole interstitial infiltrates

bacterial- lobar alveolar infiltrates

7

Treatment of Influenza A and B cause of pneumonia?

Oseltamivir PO or Zanamivir

8

Treatment of Influenza A cause of pneumonia?

-Amantadine or Rimantadine PO

9

Treatment of Respiratory syncytial virus cause of pneumonia?

Ribavirin (inhalation, IV)

10

Prevention of Respiratory syncytial virus?

Palivizumab IM

11

Treatment of Adenovirus cause of pneumonia?

Cidofovir

12

Prevention of Rhinovirus?

Alfa interferon (intranasal), Ribavirin

13

Treatment of Human Metapneumovirus and Hantavirus cause of pneumonia?

Ribavirin

14

Treatment of varicella-zoster virus cause of pneumonia?

Acyclovir and Valacyclovir