Flashcards in Treatment of Viral Pneumonia Deck (14)
What characteristics of pneumonia suggest viral cause?
-younger than 5 YO
What characteristics of pneumonia suggest bacterial cause?
-high fever, tachypnea
Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on WBC count
viral- less than 10x10^9 cells/L
bacterial- greater than 15x10^9 cells/L
Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on CRP
viral- less than 20mg/L
bacterial- more than 60mg/L
Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on Pro-calcitonin
viral- less than 0.1ug/L
bacterial- more than 0.5ug/L
Distinguishing bacterial vs viral etiology based on chest radiograph
viral-sole interstitial infiltrates
bacterial- lobar alveolar infiltrates
Treatment of Influenza A and B cause of pneumonia?
Oseltamivir PO or Zanamivir
Treatment of Influenza A cause of pneumonia?
-Amantadine or Rimantadine PO
Treatment of Respiratory syncytial virus cause of pneumonia?
Ribavirin (inhalation, IV)
Prevention of Respiratory syncytial virus?
Treatment of Adenovirus cause of pneumonia?
Prevention of Rhinovirus?
Alfa interferon (intranasal), Ribavirin
Treatment of Human Metapneumovirus and Hantavirus cause of pneumonia?