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Flashcards in Turkeys Deck (16)
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1

What can cause Enteritis in turkeys?

Coccidia
Bacterial spp
Viruses

2

Which 4 turkey viruses can cause Enteritis?

Coronavirus
Astrovirus
Rotavirus
Reovirus

3

What causes coccidiosis in turkeys?

Eimeria spp

4

Why is coccidiosis difficult to Dx in turkeys?

Eimeria is a commensal - Dx is based oocyte count and type of lesion

5

How is coccidiosis in turkeys Tx and Px?

Tx = AntiB e.g. amoxicillin, tetracyclines, tylosin

Px = coccidiostats e.g. monensin

6

What causes blackhead in turkeys and why is it important in turkeys?

Histomonas meleagridis

Causes up to 100% mortality

7

What is the intermediate host for histomonas meleagridis and what disease does it cause?

Heterakis gallinarum

Black head / Histomoniasis

8

What does turkey coronavirus cause?

Severe depression with high morbidity, little mortality
Water scour at 9-11wks

9

What does turkey Astrovirus cause?

Typhilitis

10

What does turkey rotavirus cause?

Enteritis, vent pecking and secondary complications with spironucleus

11

How might turkeys become infected with erysipelothrix rhusiopathie?

Associated with pig and sheep farming

12

How can erysipelas be Px in turkeys?

Inactivated vaccine

13

What are the two main respiratory pathogens of turkeys?

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Bordetellosis

14

How does Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale affect turkeys cf. chickens?

Mild resp Sx, joint infection and lameness at 12-14wks cf. severe resp disease in chickens

15

What cause bordetellosis in turkeys?

Bordetella avium

16

Turkeys are routinely given 5 vaccines. What are these and how are they given?

1. NDV = live, inactivated IM
2. Fowl Cholera = live, killed IM
3. Avian paramyxovirus = inactivated IM
4. aMPV (turkey rhinotracheitis) = live, killed IM
5. TEV (Enteritis) = live