UK Geographical issues: Evolving human landscapes, Dynamic cities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UK Geographical issues: Evolving human landscapes, Dynamic cities Deck (45)
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1

How do you work out population density?

population/area

2

What is an urban core?

areas which are densely populated and drive the UK

3

What is the multiplier effect?

The way in which countries develop follow a model similar to:
1) People work to earn money/more people move into the area
2) People spend more money as they earn more from working
3) The government earns more in tax
4) Money gets invested in health care, education and jobs
5) higher educated people earning more from higher paid jobs
6) spend more, taxes, investment and so on

4

What is a the name of an area which a city has expanded to join other cities or towns due to migration and expansion?

conurbation

5

Why dos population density vary across the uk?

-Availability of natural resources when the UK relied mainly on a primary economy
-Availability of work

6

What are the characteristics of the rural periphery?

-far from major cities
-low population
-ageing population
-low incomes
-young people moving out for work

7

What incentives are there for closing the gap between the rural periphery and urban cores?

-enterprise zones
-regional development grants(grants to set up business)
-EU grants
-improvements to transport

8

What is Net immigration?

The difference between those that come in and those that leave the UK.

9

What is the primary sector?

People who work by extracting raw material

10

What is the secondary sector?

People who work on manufacturing/assembling products

11

What is the Tertiary sector?

People who work selling products

12

What is the quaternary sector?

Designing/producing/researching

13

What is the birth rate?

The number of live births per 1000 people

14

What is the knowledge economy?

Jobs which require a high level of qualifications

15

What is the new economy?

A service based economy (tertiary)

16

What is the old economy?

Primary and secondary

17

What is globalisation?

Globalisation is the process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange. Companies now operate on an international scale resulting in increased trade.

18

What is the name for the process by which companies invest in other countries?

FDI
Foreign Direct Investment

19

What is privatisation?

The change of ownership of services from government to a private company

20

What is the name of companies which work in many different countries?

TNC's
Trans-National Companies

21

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the New economy?

ADVANTAGES
-higher pay
-bonuses as well as pay
-leads to globalisation
DISADVANTAGES
-long hours
-contracts
-some part time
-some temporary
-stationary(unhealthy)
-commuting (emissions)
-less family time

22

What are the positives and negatives of globalisation and TNC's expanding?

+
-More sales, more income, government claims more in taxes
-Increased trade
-boosted economy
-more products available to buy
Negatives
-Could take over are own companies and put them out of business

23

What a CBD?

Central business district
The area in a city that has high value and is mainly used for business and retail

24

why is immigration important to help cities work?

-Helps to keep the competition for the high paid jobs between the most skilled employees
-Fills the minimum wage jobs like food delivery and cleaning

25

What is Deindustrialisation?

The closing of ports and industries usually due to cheaper imports

26

What is Depopulation?

The decline of people and services in an area

27

What is suburbanisation?

People moving to the suburbs for better houses and quieter living

28

What is Decentralisation?

Online and out of town shopping causing a decrease in the size of the Central business district.

29

What is London's green belt?

A ring of countryside where urbanisation will be resisted for the foreseeable future, maintaining an area where agriculture, forestry and outdoor leisure can be expected to develop.

30

What is bad about London's green belt?

Increases commuting distances which hence increases emissions