Flashcards in UK Geographical issues: Evolving human landscapes, Dynamic cities Deck (45)
How do you work out population density?
What is an urban core?
areas which are densely populated and drive the UK
What is the multiplier effect?
The way in which countries develop follow a model similar to:
1) People work to earn money/more people move into the area
2) People spend more money as they earn more from working
3) The government earns more in tax
4) Money gets invested in health care, education and jobs
5) higher educated people earning more from higher paid jobs
6) spend more, taxes, investment and so on
What is a the name of an area which a city has expanded to join other cities or towns due to migration and expansion?
Why dos population density vary across the uk?
-Availability of natural resources when the UK relied mainly on a primary economy
-Availability of work
What are the characteristics of the rural periphery?
-far from major cities
-young people moving out for work
What incentives are there for closing the gap between the rural periphery and urban cores?
-regional development grants(grants to set up business)
-improvements to transport
What is Net immigration?
The difference between those that come in and those that leave the UK.
What is the primary sector?
People who work by extracting raw material
What is the secondary sector?
People who work on manufacturing/assembling products
What is the Tertiary sector?
People who work selling products
What is the quaternary sector?
What is the birth rate?
The number of live births per 1000 people
What is the knowledge economy?
Jobs which require a high level of qualifications
What is the new economy?
A service based economy (tertiary)
What is the old economy?
Primary and secondary
What is globalisation?
Globalisation is the process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange. Companies now operate on an international scale resulting in increased trade.
What is the name for the process by which companies invest in other countries?
Foreign Direct Investment
What is privatisation?
The change of ownership of services from government to a private company
What is the name of companies which work in many different countries?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the New economy?
-bonuses as well as pay
-leads to globalisation
-some part time
-less family time
What are the positives and negatives of globalisation and TNC's expanding?
-More sales, more income, government claims more in taxes
-more products available to buy
-Could take over are own companies and put them out of business
What a CBD?
Central business district
The area in a city that has high value and is mainly used for business and retail
why is immigration important to help cities work?
-Helps to keep the competition for the high paid jobs between the most skilled employees
-Fills the minimum wage jobs like food delivery and cleaning
What is Deindustrialisation?
The closing of ports and industries usually due to cheaper imports
What is Depopulation?
The decline of people and services in an area
What is suburbanisation?
People moving to the suburbs for better houses and quieter living
What is Decentralisation?
Online and out of town shopping causing a decrease in the size of the Central business district.
What is London's green belt?
A ring of countryside where urbanisation will be resisted for the foreseeable future, maintaining an area where agriculture, forestry and outdoor leisure can be expected to develop.