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Flashcards in Ultrasonic-UR Deck (36)
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1

what are the two parts of a sound wave?

compression and rarefaction

2

what is the small group of ultrasonic waves called that occurs together and not immediately preceded or followed by other waves?

pulse

3

in ultrasonic testing, what does the wave type or mode refer to?

direction of particle motion

4

what is the number of sound waves that pass a given point in a given time called?

frequency

5

high-frequency sound waves do not permanently affect a test part because of their...

short wavelength and low energy level

6

what is the relationship between wavelength, velocity, and frequency?

the wavelength is equal to the velocity divided by the frequency

7

what characteristic of a crystal element determines ultrasonic transducer efficiency?

composition

8

what wave mode results in particle displacement at right angles to the direction of wave propagation?

shear

9

surface waves are introduced into the test part using an angle beam search unit which has a _______ ________ wedge?

steeply angled

10

what is the most probable cause for not receiving a return signal during pulse-echo testing?

geometry of the part

11

No ultrasonic reflection from a defect can be observed in the _____ ______.

dead zone

12

due to sound wave amplitude variations, ultrasonic inspection is not recommended in the ______ ______.

near field

13

Where does beam spread occur?

far field

14

what determines if the incident energy from a transducer is reflected at an interface?

differences in acoustic impedance at the interface

15

when a longitudinal sound beam is transmitted into a solid, what determines the mode of vibration?

incident angle of the sound beam

16

When using ultrasonic inspection, where does an undesirable mode conversion occur?

within the test specimen

17

which type of ultrasonic display has a baseline at 50 percent of full screen height and shows the full waveform with both positive and negative peaks?

radio frequency, non-rectified (RF)

18

what is the term for the horizontal line appearing on an ultrasonic display?

sweep

19

what fixed starting point on the ultrasonic display is usually used to start all time measurements?

initial pulse

20

what ultrasonic control determines the amount of time or the depth of the material displayed on the cathode ray tube (CRT)?

sweep length or range

21

on an ultrasonic flaw detector, which portion of a received signal does the gain control adjust?

amplitude

22

what ultrasonic instrument feature is used to detect discontinuity signals within a specified zone of the sweep?

flaw gate

23

what determines the frequency of preventive maintenance for an ultrasonic flaw detector unit?

severity of the environment

24

what reference governs the electrical safety requirements for using ultrasonic equipment around aircraft?

Air Force Occupational safety and health (AFOSH) standards

25

What method of ultrasonic testing uses a single transducer to transmit and receive the sound wave?

Pulse-echo

26

Which ultrasonic method relies only on a loss or reduction of received signal to indicate a flaw?

through-transmission

27

what type of transducer would you use to ultrasonically inspect welds?

an angle beam

28

when inspecting welds, what would you use an ultrasonic calculator card for?

the location of defects

29

What are some ways to confirm the presence of a suspected defect that is found ultrasonically?

1) with surface waves, clean the area in front of the transducer and re-inspect (2) inspect the suspected defect from another angle or with another transducer (3) re-inspect the part with another nondestructive inspection (NDI) method capable of detecting the defect

30

you would consider using an area-amplitude response when you are determining discontinuity ______.

size