Unit 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (16):
1

Sehnsucht

German for longing
yearning for the unattainable Wagner Tristan and Isolde, Schubert Gretchen am sprinnrade

2

Indiidualism

artists express their own unique personal view
classical objectivity replaced by subjective approach
Jean-Jacque Rousseau The Confessions ' if I am not better at least i am different'

3

heightened emotionalism

classical restraint gave way to unbridled expressions of human emotions
Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary ad Schuman Fantasy, Chopin's nocturnes, Tchaikovsky's symphony 6

4

Weltschmerz

German for world-weariness
growing pessimism
Schubert winterreise

5

exoticism

fascination with distant foreign
chromatic harmony colorful orchestration, Guiseppe Verdi's Aida, Massenet's Thais

6

nationalism

19th century patriotic fervor, desire for independence
folk music influence Chopin Polonaises, Dvorak's Slavonic Dances, Liszt's Hungrarian Rhapsodies

7

escapism

seeking distraction from everyday
fantasy, reveries, imagination
Berlioz symphonie fantastique

8

fascination with the supernatural

written and painter drawn to mystical, magical, spectral
Brothers Grimm 1812
Wbers opera Die Freischutz, Adolph Adam ballet Giselle, Berlioz

9

morbid fascination with death

Liszt's Totentanz, Wagner tristan and isolde lovedeath aria

10

art as religion

art replaces religion
divine spark sublime beauty
Wagner opera Parsifal as festival-drama of consecration

11

adoration of nature

mirror of artist's soul
celebrate awesome nature forces
Beethoven symphony no 6 Pastoral

12

Romantic visionaries

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Napolean Bonaparte
Caspar David Friederich
Charles Dickens

13

Romantic music elements

melody - folk and dance
harmony increased chrom new tonal centers, modal
formal structure expansion
programm
rhythm complex tempo rubato
dynamic range extreme
orchestral instruments harp piccolo english horn, trombone, tuba, contrabasson
piano cast iron frame thicker strings

14

romanitic piano

cast iron frame
thicker strings
double escapement action rapid repetition of key

15

romantic harmony

chromatic
new tonal centers; median submediant
modal harmony

16

romantic structure

large forms symphony, opera, sung cycle
cyclic structure, linking movements
minature forms Lieder, character pieces piano